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Gibson M. J., Irvine-Fynn T. D. L., Wagnon Patrick, Rowan A. V., Quincey D. J., Homer R., Glasser N. F. (2018). Variations in near-surface debris temperature through the summer monsoon on Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalaya. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 43 (13), 2698-2714. ISSN 0197-9337

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/esp.4425

Titre
Variations in near-surface debris temperature through the summer monsoon on Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalaya
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000446558900002
AuteursGibson M. J., Irvine-Fynn T. D. L., Wagnon Patrick, Rowan A. V., Quincey D. J., Homer R., Glasser N. F.
SourceEarth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2018, 43 (13), p. 2698-2714. ISSN 0197-9337
RésuméDebris surface temperature is a function of debris characteristics and energy fluxes at the debris surface. However, spatial and temporal variability in debris surface temperature, and the debris properties that control it, are poorly constrained. Here, near-surface debris temperature (T-s) is reported for 16 sites across the lower elevations of Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalaya, for the 2014 monsoon season. The debris layer at all sites was 1m thick. We confirm the occurrence of temporal and spatial variability in T-s over a 67-day period and investigate its controls. T-s was found to exhibit marked temporal fluctuations on diurnal, short-term (1-8days) and seasonal timescales. Over the study period, two distinct diurnal patterns in T-s were identified that varied in timing, daily amplitude and maximum temperature; days in the latter half of the study period (after Day of Year 176) exhibited a lower diurnal amplitude (mean = 23 degrees C) and reduced maximum temperatures. Days with lower amplitude and minimum T-s were concurrent with periods of increased seasonal variability in on-glacier air temperature and incoming shortwave radiation, with the increased frequency of these periods attributed to increasing cloud cover as the monsoon progressed. Spatial variability in T-s was manifested in variability of diurnal amplitude and maximum T-s of 7 degrees C to 47 degrees C between sites. Local slope, debris clast size and lithology were identified as the most important drivers of spatial variability in T-s, with inclusion of these three variables in the stepwise general linear models resulting in R-2 0.89 for six out of the seven sites. The complexity of surface energy fluxes and their influence on T-s highlight that assuming a simplified relationship between air temperature and debris surface temperature in glacier melt models, and a direct relationship between debris surface temperature and debris thickness for calculating supraglacial debris thickness, should be undertaken with caution.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.NEPAL ; HIMLAYA ; KHUMBU GLACIER
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074128]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074128
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074128

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