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Hette-Tronquart N., Oberdorff Thierry, Tales E., Zahm A., Belliard J. (2018). Biological impacts of local vs. regional land use on a small tributary of the Seine River (France) : insights from a food web approach based on stable isotopes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (24), 23583-23594. ISSN 0944-1344

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1007/s11356-017-8771-5

Titre
Biological impacts of local vs. regional land use on a small tributary of the Seine River (France) : insights from a food web approach based on stable isotopes
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000441784000013
AuteursHette-Tronquart N., Oberdorff Thierry, Tales E., Zahm A., Belliard J.
SourceEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, 25 (24), p. 23583-23594. ISSN 0944-1344
RésuméAs part of the landscape, streams are influenced by land use. Here, we contributed to the understanding of the biological impacts of land use on streams, investigating how landscape effects vary with spatial scales (local vs. regional). We adopted a food web approach integrating both biological structure and functioning, to focus on the overall effect of land use on stream biocA"nosis. We selected 17 sites of a small tributary of the Seine River (France) for their contrasted land use, and conducted a natural experiment by sampling three organic matter sources, three macroinvertebrate taxa, and most of the fish community. Using stable isotope analysis, we calculated three food web metrics evaluating two major dimensions of the trophic diversity displayed by the fish community: (i) the diversity of exploited resources and (ii) the trophic level richness. The idea was to examine whether (1) land-use effects varied according to spatial scales, (2) land use affected food webs through an effect on community structure and (3) land use affected food webs through an effect on available resources. Beside an increase in trophic diversity from upstream to downstream, our empirical data showed that food webs were influenced by land use in the riparian corridors (local scale). The effect was complex, and depended on site's position along the upstream-downstream gradient. By contrast, land use in the catchment (regional scale) did not influence stream biocA"nosis. At the local scale, community structure was weakly influenced by land use, and thus played a minor role in explaining food web modifications. Our results suggested that the amount of available resources at the base of the food web was partly responsible for food web modifications. In addition, changes in biological functioning (i.e. feeding interactions) can also explain another part of the land-use effect. These results highlight the role played by the riparian corridors as a buffer zone, and advocate that riparian corridor should be at the centre of water management attention.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Pollution [038] ; Urbanisation et sociétés urbaines [102]
Descr. géo.FRANCE ; SEINE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010073758]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010073758
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010073758

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