Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Ornetsmüller C., Castella Jean-Christophe, Verburg P.H. (2018). A multiscale gaming approach to understand farmer's decision making in the boom of maize cultivation in Laos. Ecology and Society, 23 (2), art. 35 [25 p.] ISSN 1708-3087

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-07/010072994.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.5751/ES-10104-230235

Titre
A multiscale gaming approach to understand farmer's decision making in the boom of maize cultivation in Laos
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000437397400032
AuteursOrnetsmüller C., Castella Jean-Christophe, Verburg P.H.
SourceEcology and Society, 2018, 23 (2), art. 35 [25 p.] ISSN 1708-3087
RésuméIn Southeast Asia, the rapid expansion of boom crops like hybrid maize, rubber, oil palm, or banana, has brought about daunting environmental and socioeconomic impacts such as deforestation, land degradation, and indebtedness. Why do farmers engage in and keep on pursuing this farming strategy despite the adverse effects on local landscapes and livelihoods? In the context of the northern uplands of Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), we developed an innovative approach to understanding the decisions that lead to the emergence of the maize boom. We successively studied the adoption, expansion, intensification, diversification, and abandonment of intensive maize practices in locations in which these phases were ongoing at the time of study. To better contextualize decision making, we designed and applied local, serious games with farmers in seven different villages that were going through a maize boom. Then we designed a metagame that summarized our findings across all decision phases and local games in a generalized form. National agricultural experts validated the structure of the metagame by taking on the role of farmers and they witnessed that their cumulative decision making within the metagame lead to a maize boom too. Core findings include: (1) the maize boom and bust can be reproduced in a game environment that simulates the change of six factor combinations; and (2) Farmers in northern Laos reinvest maize profits into their long-term, socioeconomic goals. The approach presented combines micro- and macrolevel analysis of land-use change. On the one hand, it allows the exploration of the local, social-ecological contexts of land-use decisions. On the other hand, it provides a systematic procedure to scale up, generalize, and test the contextual knowledge and systemic understanding of a complex, large-scale land-use change process.
Plan de classementMilieu rural, sociologie rurale, systèmes agraires, foncier rural [098RURAL1] ; Applications diverses [122APPLIC]
DescripteursSYSTEME AGRAIRE ; INTENSIFICATION DE L'AGRICULTURE ; UTILISATION DU SOL ; MAIS ; INNOVATION ; SIMULATION ; AIDE A LA DECISION ; ANALYSE SYSTEMIQUE ; TRANSITION AGRAIRE ; STRATEGIE PAYSANNE
Descr. géo.LAOS
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010072994]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072994
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072994

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Le FDI est labellisé CollEx

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Nouméa

Papeete

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito