Temperature effects on ballistic prey capture by a dragonfly larva - fdi:010072821 - Horizon

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Herrera E. Q., Casas J., Dangles Olivier, Pincebourde S. (2018). Temperature effects on ballistic prey capture by a dragonfly larva. Ecology and Evolution, 8 (8), 4303-4311. ISSN 2045-7758

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/ece3.3975

Titre
Temperature effects on ballistic prey capture by a dragonfly larva
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000430807200042
AuteursHerrera E. Q., Casas J., Dangles Olivier, Pincebourde S.
SourceEcology and Evolution, 2018, 8 (8), p. 4303-4311. ISSN 2045-7758
RésuméUnderstanding the effects of temperature on prey-predator interactions is a key issue to predict the response of natural communities to climate change. Higher temperatures are expected to induce an increase in predation rates. However, little is known on how temperature influences close-range encounter of prey-predator interactions, such as predator's attack velocities. Based on the speed-accuracy trade-off concept, we hypothesized that the increase in predator attack velocity by increasing temperature reduces the accuracy of the attack, leading to a lower probability of capture. We tested this hypothesis on the dragonfly larvae Anax imperator and the zooplankton prey Daphnia magna. The prey-predator encounters were video-recorded at high speed, and at three different temperatures. Overall, we found that (1) temperature had a strong effect on predator's attack velocities, (2) prey did not have the opportunity to move and/or escape due to the high velocity of the predator during the attack, and (3) neither velocity nor temperature had significant effects on the capture success. By contrast, the capture success mainly depended on the accuracy of the predator in capturing the prey. We found that (4) some 40% of mistakes were undershooting and some 60% aimed below or above the target. No lateral mistake was observed. These results did not support the speed-accuracy trade-off hypothesis. Further studies on dragonfly larvae with different morphological labial masks and speeds of attacks, as well as on prey with different escape strategies, would provide new insights into the response to environmental changes in prey-predator interactions.
Plan de classementLimnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010072821]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072821
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072821

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