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Mbaye A., Cormier Salem Marie-Christine, Schmidt J., Brehmer Patrice. (2017). Climate change : what kind of knowledge, what type of adaptation for what type of West African artisanal fisher folk [résumé]. In : Brehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters. Dakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 176. ICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-01/010072158.pdf

Titre
Climate change : what kind of knowledge, what type of adaptation for what type of West African artisanal fisher folk [résumé]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursMbaye A., Cormier Salem Marie-Christine, Schmidt J., Brehmer Patrice.
InBrehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters
SourceDakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 2017, p. 176. p. 176 ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5
ColloqueICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15
RésuméSenegalese artisanal fishermen have always been able to deal with variable weather and changing climate by adapting their knowledge, which is passed on from one generation to the next. The analysis of their perceived and realized threats on climate change and their associated adaptation strategies, revealed that they are based on a mixture of magic-religious (animism and Islamism) considerations and empirical knowledge. Such considerations and knowledge lead to (1) divination sessions to address e.g. the lack of rain and too high winds, (2) taboos and prohibitions to preserve e.g. the resource, but also and especially (3) appraisal modes of climatic parameters including swell, winds, and the moon cycles. The observation of these parameters allows fishermen to know the sea state and to adapt their behavior to it. However, an analysis per age group shows that most of the young fishermen tend to ignore or disbelieve the magic-religious considerations and move towards empirical considerations gained through the use of electronic marine equipment (e.g. sounder, GPS) and national weather forecast. However, the limited traditional knowledge of young fisher folk on atmospheric and marine climate parameters compared to older fishermen might be an important gap in developing adaptation strategies. This is also true for neglecting new scientific findings by part of older fisher folk. We underline the importance to consider the three main types of knowledge for developing adaptation strategies for the artisanal fisheries sector in West Africa.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F A010071832]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072158
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072158

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