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Senghor H, Machu Eric, Hourdin F., Grandpeix J.Y., Escribano J. (2017). LMDz simulation of transport and deposition of mineral dust over the North Eastern Tropical Atlantic [résumé]. In : Brehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters. Dakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 89. ICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-01/010072132.pdf

Titre
LMDz simulation of transport and deposition of mineral dust over the North Eastern Tropical Atlantic [résumé]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursSenghor H, Machu Eric, Hourdin F., Grandpeix J.Y., Escribano J.
InBrehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters
SourceDakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 2017, p. 89. p. 89 ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5
ColloqueICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15
RésuméSaharan dust represents more than 50% of total desertic aerosols emitted around the globe. The advection of desertic aerosols by air mass flux from West Africa to the Atlantic enriches the surface of the ocean in nutrients through atmospheric deposition. It has been shown that dust deposition is seasonal and in opposite phase between the eastern and the western Tropical Atlantic. This seasonality is driven by processes distributing the aerosol through the atmosphere over the continent and by other processes involved in the atmosphere-land-sea interactions. We used the LMD General Circulation Model in a West Africa regional configuration to investigate the processes at work in the fate of dusts. We quantify the atmospheric dust dry and wet deposition respectively in winter and boreal summer for the year 2006. In these estimates, we use simulations with aerosols scavenged by convection or convective features and large-scale precipitations. In the region between 35°W-18°W (longitude) and 0°N-25°N (latitude), we find that 2694 µg.m-2.mth-1 are deposited by dry process and 157 µg.m-2.mth-1 are washout in the atmosphere, representing respectively 95% and 5% of the total dust deposition in January. In July, the wet deposition increases up to 58% (1719 µg.m-2.mth-1) while dry deposition reaches only 42% (1261 µg.m-2.mth-1). These deposition are related to the physical processes dominated by the sedimentation near the emissions sources, the turbulence in the marine boundary layer in winter and the large-scale rainout in summer over the Atlantic Ocean.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Télédétection [126] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F A010071832]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072132
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072132

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