Acoustic study of water masses over Senegalese continental shelf : effect of environmental variable on the structure of zooplankton layers [résumé] - fdi:010072108 - Horizon

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Diogoul N., Brehmer Patrice, Perrot Yannick, Thiam A., Sadio O., Sarre A. (2017). Acoustic study of water masses over Senegalese continental shelf : effect of environmental variable on the structure of zooplankton layers [résumé]. In : Brehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters. Dakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 35-36. ICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5

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Titre
Acoustic study of water masses over Senegalese continental shelf : effect of environmental variable on the structure of zooplankton layers [résumé]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursDiogoul N., Brehmer Patrice, Perrot Yannick, Thiam A., Sadio O., Sarre A.
InBrehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters
SourceDakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 2017, p. 35-36. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5
ColloqueICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15
RésuméThe macrozooplankton organisms aggregate at specific depths and occur as scattering layer on echosounder records. They constitute an important component in the marine food web in direct contact with primary producers. We review phytoplankton and zooplankton literature in Senegal, and then characterized the Senegalese water masses of the "Petite côte" on physicochemical and biological criteria using an in situ data set collected during an acoustics survey (ECOAO) led onboard FRV Antea in 2013. Then we described at fine scale spatial and temporal variation of macrozooplankton layers in relation with their environment. Two areas with different characteristics have been discriminated: the upwelling's cell area and the upwelling's offshore area more stratified, warm and sharply separated from the other area by a strong thermal boundary. The spatio-temporal variation of scattering layer's thickness of macrozooplankton is strongly influenced by depth and time of the day. The scattering layer's thickness increases with depth along a coast-high sea gradient, but no variation is reported along longitudinal plane i.e. North-South. In both areas nocturnal layers are thicker and deeper than diurnal ones. The hydrological structure of the water column also influence the macrozooplankton scattering layer. The scattering layer requires "stable" physical conditions which support vertical stratification. In the upwelling's area cell, the parameters correlated to scattering layer thickness during night time are chlorophyll 'a' and dissolved oxygen. In the upwelling's offshore area, temperature, water density and chlorophyll 'a' concentration have a significant effect on the scattering layer's thickness during the daytime. However, during the nighttime, chlorophyll 'a' has no significant effect on the scattering layer's thickness. This absence of correlation between chlorophyll 'a' and scattering layer thickness could be explained by an inverse diel vertical migration of a macrozooplankton group. On this basis we assume that trophic relationship between phytoplankton and macrozooplankton operate during the day at the surface.
Plan de classementLimnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL ; ATLANTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F A010071832]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072108
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072108

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