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Capet X., Ndoye S., Estrade P., Sow B., Machu Eric, Brochier Timothée, Döring J., Brehmer Patrice. (2017). The southern Senegal coastal ocean : a low enrichment-high retention upwelling center [résumé]. In : Brehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters. Dakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 24-25. ICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5

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Titre
The southern Senegal coastal ocean : a low enrichment-high retention upwelling center [résumé]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursCapet X., Ndoye S., Estrade P., Sow B., Machu Eric, Brochier Timothée, Döring J., Brehmer Patrice.
InBrehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters
SourceDakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 2017, p. 24-25. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5
ColloqueICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15
RésuméThe circulation associated with coastal upwelling is well understood in simple 2D alongshore invariant situations. Southern Senegal is the southern tip of the Canary upwelling system. Its coastal ocean hosts an upwelling center which shapes sea surface temperatures over several degrees in latitudes, ~ between 12 and 15N. Near this latter latitude, the Cape Verde headland and a sudden change in shelf cross-shore profile are two major sources of heterogeneity present in the southern Senegal upwelling sector (SSUS), whose dynamics is herein investigated by means of primitive equation numerical simulations, using the hydrodynamical Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). Configuration realism and resolution (dx ~ 2 km) are sufficient to reproduce the frontal system present during the upwelling season in the SSUS. Our main focus is on the 3D upwelling circulation which turns out to be profoundy different from 2D theory: coastal upwelling is strongly concentrated within a few tens of kilometers south of Cape Verde and largely arises from flow divergence in the alongshore direction; most injections of cold water onto the shelf take place in the same northern area; a significant fraction of the upwelled waters are retained nearshore over long distances while travelling southward under the influence of northerly winds. Another source of alongshore complexity, regional scale alongshore pressure gradients, also contributes to the overall retention of upwelled waters over the shelf. Varying the degree of realisms of atmospheric and oceanic forcings does not appreciably change these conclusions. The study sheds light on the dynamics and circulation underlying the recurrent SST pattern observed during the upwelling season and offers new perspectives on the connections between SSUS physical environment and its ecosystems.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Télédétection [126] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL ; CAP VERT ; CANARIAS ; ATLANTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F A010071832]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072105
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072105

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