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Fujisaki Kenji, Chapuis Lardy Lydie, Albrecht Alain, Razafimbelo T., Chotte Jean-Luc, Chevallier Tiphaine. (2018). Data synthesis of carbon distribution in particle size fractions of tropical soils: Implications for soil carbon storage potential in croplands. Geoderma, 313, 41-51. ISSN 0016-7061

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.10.010

Titre
Data synthesis of carbon distribution in particle size fractions of tropical soils: Implications for soil carbon storage potential in croplands
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000424179800005
AuteursFujisaki Kenji, Chapuis Lardy Lydie, Albrecht Alain, Razafimbelo T., Chotte Jean-Luc, Chevallier Tiphaine.
SourceGeoderma, 2018, 313, p. 41-51. ISSN 0016-7061
RésuméOrganic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F < 20 mu m). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between soil fractions in tropical soils from 84 sites in 27 countries. We used boundary line analysis to estimate the maximum stabilized SOC depending on soil group, clay type and land use. SOC storage potential was calculated as the SOC saturation deficit, the difference between the actual SOC content and the maximum stabilized SOC content. We found that the maximum SOC in the fine fraction of tropical soils (53 g C kg(-1) fine fraction) was lower than previous assessments of global SOC storage scale based mainly on temperate soils. The F < 20 mu m fractions were closer to SOC saturation in forest soils than in croplands. The cropland had a higher soil C storage potential, but changing agricultural management practices did not fill the deficit that is calculated using the whole dataset. The deficit was much lower when it was estimated with grassland or cropland data only: this provides a more realistic estimate for SOC storage potential for croplands. The SOC content in the coarser fraction (F > 50 mu m) did not depend on soil texture and significantly contributed to the total SOC, especially in sandy soils (41.3%). This is affected by changes in agricultural management practices. We concluded that, although the aim of increasing SOC stabilization originally arose from climate change mitigation strategies, it must now be more viewed as being more relevant to food security and local adaptation to climate change.
Plan de classementPédologie [068]
Descr. géo.AMERIQUE DU SUD ; AFRIQUE SUBSAHARIENNE ; ANTILLES ; ZONE TROPICALE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010072061]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072061
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072061

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