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Dupraz M., Toty Céline, Devillers E., Blanchon T., Elguero Eric, Vittecoq M., Moutailler S., McCoy K. D. (2017). Population structure of the soft tick Ornithodoros maritimus and its associated infectious agents within a colony of its seabird host Larus michahellis. International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife, 6 (2), 122-130. ISSN 2213-2244

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-02/010072028.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2017.05.001

Titre
Population structure of the soft tick Ornithodoros maritimus and its associated infectious agents within a colony of its seabird host Larus michahellis
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000406932500011
AuteursDupraz M., Toty Céline, Devillers E., Blanchon T., Elguero Eric, Vittecoq M., Moutailler S., McCoy K. D.
SourceInternational Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife, 2017, 6 (2), p. 122-130. ISSN 2213-2244
RésuméThe epidemiology of vector-borne zoonoses depends on the movement of both hosts and vectors, which can differ greatly in intensity across spatial scales. Because of their life history traits and small size, vector dispersal may be frequent, but limited in distance. However, little information is available on vector movement patterns at local spatial scales, and particularly for ticks, transmitting the greatest diversity of recognized infectious agents. To test the degree to which ticks can disperse and disseminate pathogens at local scales, we investigated the temporal dynamics and population structure of the soft tick Ornithodoros maritimus within a colony of its seabird host, the Yellow-legged gull Larus michahellis. Ticks were repeatedly sampled at a series of nests during the host breeding season. In half of the nests, ticks were collected (removal sampling), in the other half, ticks were counted and returned to the nest. A subsample of ticks was screened for known bacteria, viruses and parasites using a high throughput real-time PCR system to examine their distribution within the colony. The results indicate a temporal dynamic in the presence of tick life stages over the season, with the simultaneous appearance of juvenile ticks and hatched chicks, but no among-nest spatial structure in tick abundance. Removal sampling significantly reduced tick numbers, but only from the fourth visit onward. Seven bacterial isolates, one parasite species and one viral isolate were detected but no spatial structure in their presence within the colony was found. These results suggest weak isolation among nests and that tick dispersal is likely frequent enough to quickly recolonize locally-emptied patches and disseminate pathogens across the colony. Vector-mediated movements at local scales may therefore play a key role in pathogen emergence and needs to be considered in conjunction with host movements for predicting pathogen circulation and for establishing effective control strategies.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences du monde animal [080] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.FRANCE ; CAMARGUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010072028]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072028
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072028

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