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Madella A., Delunel R., Audin Laurence, Schlunegger F. (2018). Why is there no Coastal Cordillera at the Arica Bend (Western Central Andes) ?. Basin Research, 30 (S1), 248-268. ISSN 0950-091X

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/bre.12218

Why is there no Coastal Cordillera at the Arica Bend (Western Central Andes) ?
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000419873300014
AuteursMadella A., Delunel R., Audin Laurence, Schlunegger F.
SourceBasin Research, 2018, 30 (S1), p. 248-268. ISSN 0950-091X
RésuméThe architecture of the Western Andes is remarkably constant between southern Peru and northern Chile. An exception, however, is present near Arica at 18 degrees S, where the Andes change their strike direction by ca. 50 degrees and the Coastal Cordillera is absent over an along-strike width of 50km. Although this feature has been mentioned in several previous studies, no effort has been made yet to describe and explain this peculiar morphology of the Western Central Andean forearc. Here, we propose a large-scale model to explain the Myr-long low uplift rate of the Arica Bend concerning seismic coupling and continental wedge-top basin evolution. New geomorphic and sedimentologic data are integrated with seismicity and structural data from the literature to interpret the post-Oligocene pattern of uplift, erosion and sediment transport to the trench. Results show that the Arica Bend has been marked by exceptionally low coastal uplift rates over post-Oligocene timescales. In addition, this uplift anomaly at the Arica Bend correlates with relatively high sediment discharge to the corresponding trench segment since late Oligocene time. We interpret that before 25Ma, the forming seaward concavity of the subduction zone induced trench-parallel extension at the curvature apex of the overriding forearc. The subsequent low uplift rate would have then triggered a feedback mechanism, where the interplay between relatively low interplate friction, low coastal uplift and relatively high sediment discharge favoured Myr-long relative subsidence at the Arica Bend, in contrast to Myr-long uplift of the Coastal Cordillera north and south of it.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071989]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071989
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071989

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