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Castro-Jimenez J., Barhoumi B., Paluselli A., Tedetti Marc, Jimenez B., Munoz-Arnanz J., Wortham H., Driss M. R., Sempere R. (2017). Occurrence, loading, and exposure of atmospheric particle-bound POPs at the African and European edges of the Western Mediterranean sea. Environmental Science and Technology, 51 (22), 13180-13189. ISSN 0013-936X

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b04614

Titre
Occurrence, loading, and exposure of atmospheric particle-bound POPs at the African and European edges of the Western Mediterranean sea
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000416496700013
AuteursCastro-Jimenez J., Barhoumi B., Paluselli A., Tedetti Marc, Jimenez B., Munoz-Arnanz J., Wortham H., Driss M. R., Sempere R.
SourceEnvironmental Science and Technology, 2017, 51 (22), p. 13180-13189. ISSN 0013-936X
RésuméA comparative study for 62 toxic chemicals based on the simultaneous monthly collection of aerosol samples during 2015-2016 in two coastal cities at both the African (Bizerte, Tunisia) and European (Marseille, France) edges of the Western Mediterranean basin is presented. Legacy polychlorinated biphenyls (Sigma(18)PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (Sigma 17PCDD/Fs) show generally higher median levels at the African edge (2.1 and 0.2 pg m(-3), respectively) compared to the European coastal site (1.0 and 0.08 pg m(-3) respectively). Contrarily, the "emerging" polybrominated diphenyl ethers' (Sigma 27PBDEs) median concentrations were higher in Marseille (similar to 9.0 pg m(-3)) compared to Bizerte (similar to 6.0 pg m(-3)). Different past usages and current emission patterns were found at both edges of the Western Mediterranean, most probably linked to the respective different regulatory frameworks for toxic chemicals. Our results indicate that the total organic carbon (TOC) and/or the elemental carbon (EC) contents in the atmospheric aerosol may have a stronger effect than the total suspended particle (TSP) content as a whole on the spatial -temporal variability and the long-range atmospheric transport potential of the studied POPs. A "jumping" of the PBDE, local atmospheric stocks from the Northwestern European Mediterranean edge to the Northwestern African coast seems to be possible under favorable conditions at present. While a higher PBDE median loading is estimated for the Marseille area (similar to 550 ng m(-2) y(-1)) compared to Bizerte (similar to 400 ng m(-2) y(-1)), the median PCB and PCDD/F dry deposition fluxes were higher at the African site, resulting in a 3 -fold higher toxic equivalent (TEQ) loading of dioxin -like pollutants (400 pg TEQ m(-2) y(-1)) compared to Marseille (similar to 140 pg TEQ m(-2) y(-1)), with potential implications for aquatic organisms. However, the inhalation exposure assessment points to a minimum risk for human health at both sites.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Pollution [038] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.TUNISIE ; FRANCE ; BIZERTE ; MARSEILLE ; MEDITERRANEE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071403]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071403
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071403

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