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Wu H., Dissard Delphine, Douville E., Blamart D., Bordier L., Dapoigny A., Le Cornec Florence, Tribollet Aline, Lazareth Claire. (2017). 320 years of sea surface pH and SST variability in the South Pacific inferred from Diploastrea heliopora coral proxy records [résumé de poster]. In : PAGES Zaragoza 2017 : global challenges for our common future : a paleoscience perspective : abstract book. Berne : PAGES, 412-413. Past Global Changes Open Science Meeting (PAGES OSM) : Global Challenges for our Common Future : a Paleoscience Perspective, 5., Saragosse (SPA), 2017/05/09-13.

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-11/010071198.pdf

Lien sur le Web http://pastglobalchanges.org/osm2017/downloads/osm-abstract-book-zaragoza-2017.pdf

Titre
320 years of sea surface pH and SST variability in the South Pacific inferred from Diploastrea heliopora coral proxy records [résumé de poster]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursWu H., Dissard Delphine, Douville E., Blamart D., Bordier L., Dapoigny A., Le Cornec Florence, Tribollet Aline, Lazareth Claire.
In PAGES Zaragoza 2017 : global challenges for our common future : a paleoscience perspective : abstract book
SourceBerne : PAGES, 2017, p. 412-413.
ColloquePast Global Changes Open Science Meeting (PAGES OSM) : Global Challenges for our Common Future : a Paleoscience Perspective, 5., Saragosse (SPA), 2017/05/09-13
RésuméMarine calcifying organisms are under threat from global climate change. Ocean acidification (OA) and warming sea surface temperature (SST) are the results from increasing anthropogenic CO2 emissions. It is thus important to better understand how marine ecosystems and reef-building corals have responded to climate change pressures relative to historical pH and SST variability. To constrain the natural variability of pH and provide baseline reconstruction and quantification for OA, we measured delta 11B composition in an annually banded modern Diploastrea heliopora massive coral colony from New Caledonia in the southwestern Pacific. This coral displays uninterrupted growth between 1690-2010 CE covering historical periods from the termination of the Maunder Minimum (ca. 1690-1715 CE) through the beginning of the Industrial Revolution (ca. 1760-1830 CE) and into the modern era (1900 CE to present). The most striking feature from our pH reconstruction is the evidence of OA (decrease in sea surface pH) based on the depleting delta 11B ratio in the most recent portion of the record. The distinct trend of decreasing delta 13C ratio in this coral documents and confirms the Suess Effect due to increase in anthropogenic atmospheric CO2 concentration. This modern decrease in reconstructed pH is concurrent to the significant warming trend of at least 1 ºC as revealed by our coral-based SST proxies (i.e., Sr/Ca, Li/Mg, and delta 18O). The interannual and longer-term decadal to interdecadal variability of our proxy records indicate a coupled anti-phase relationship between pH and SST reflecting similar climatic drivers related to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Our results support the potential of this coral genus as an archive to study global climate change where the lower frequency variability of South Pacific pH and SST are strongly modulated by ENSO and are coherent with records across the greater Pacific basin.
Plan de classementAnalyse, évolution des climats [021CLIMAT01] ; Climatologie / Météorologie [032CLIMET]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071198]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071198
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071198

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