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Fayad A., Gascoin S., Faour G., Lopez-Moreno J. I., Drapeau Laurent, Le Page M., Escadafal Richard. (2017). Snow hydrology in Mediterranean mountain regions : a review. In : Werner A.D. (ed.), Post V.E.A. (ed.) Investigation of coastal aquifers. Journal of Hydrology, 551 (No Spécial), 374-396. ISSN 0022-1694

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.063

Titre
Snow hydrology in Mediterranean mountain regions : a review
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000407538800031
AuteursFayad A., Gascoin S., Faour G., Lopez-Moreno J. I., Drapeau Laurent, Le Page M., Escadafal Richard.
InWerner A.D. (ed.), Post V.E.A. (ed.) Investigation of coastal aquifers
SourceJournal of Hydrology, 2017, 551 (No Spécial), p. 374-396. ISSN 0022-1694
RésuméWater resources in Mediterranean regions are under increasing pressure due to climate change, economic development, and population growth. Many Mediterranean rivers have their headwaters in mountainous regions where hydrological processes are driven by snowpack dynamics and the specific variability of the Mediterranean climate. A good knowledge of the snow processes in the Mediterranean mountains is therefore a key element of water management strategies in such regions. The objective of this paper is to review the literature on snow hydrology in Mediterranean mountains to identify the existing knowledge, key research questions, and promising technologies. We collected 620 peer-reviewed papers, published between 1913 and 2016, that deal with the Mediterranean-like mountain regions in the western United States, the central Chilean Andes, and the Mediterranean basin. A large amount of studies in the western United States form a strong scientific basis for other Mediterranean mountain regions. We found that: (1) the persistence of snow cover is highly variable in space and time but mainly controlled by elevation and precipitation; (2) the snowmelt is driven by radiative fluxes, but the contribution of heat fluxes is stronger at the end of the snow season and during heat waves and rain-on-snow events; (3) the snow densification rates are higher in these regions when compared to other climate regions; and (4) the snow sublimation is an important component of snow ablation, especially in high-elevation regions. Among the pressing issues is the lack of continuous ground observation in high-elevation regions. However, a few years of snow depth (HS) and snow water equivalent (SWE) data can provide realistic information on snowpack variability. A better spatial characterization of snow cover can be achieved by combining ground observations with remotely sensed snow data. SWE reconstruction using satellite snow cover area and a melt model provides reasonable information that is suitable for hydrological applications. Further advances in our understanding of the snow processes in Mediterranean snow dominated basins will be achieved by finer and more accurate representation of the climate forcing. While the theory on the snowpack energy and mass balance is now well established, the connections between the snow cover and the water resources involve complex interactions with the sub-surface processes, which demand future investigation.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062] ; Généralités [010]
Descr. géo.CHILI ; ETATS UNIS ; ZONE MEDITERRANEENNE ; ANDES
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070941]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070941
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070941

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