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Niang M., Thiam L. G., Sane R., Diagne N., Talla C., Doucoure Souleymane, Faye J., Diop F., Badiane A., Diouf B., Camara D., Diene-Sarr F., Sokhna Cheikh, Richard V., Toure-Balde A. (2017). Substantial asymptomatic submicroscopic Plasmodium carriage during dry season in low transmission areas in Senegal : implications for malaria control and elimination. PLOS One, 12 (8), e0182189 [13 p.]. ISSN 1932-6203

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-09/010070887.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182189

Titre
Substantial asymptomatic submicroscopic Plasmodium carriage during dry season in low transmission areas in Senegal : implications for malaria control and elimination
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000406853600074
AuteursNiang M., Thiam L. G., Sane R., Diagne N., Talla C., Doucoure Souleymane, Faye J., Diop F., Badiane A., Diouf B., Camara D., Diene-Sarr F., Sokhna Cheikh, Richard V., Toure-Balde A.
SourcePLOS One, 2017, 12 (8), p. e0182189 [13 p.]. p. e0182189 [13 p.] ISSN 1932-6203
RésuméBackground In the progress towards malaria elimination, the accurate diagnosis of low-density asymptomatic infections is critical. Low-density asymptomatic submicroscopic malaria infections may act as silent reservoirs that maintain low-level residual malaria transmission in the community. Light microscopy, the gold standard in malaria diagnosis lacks the sensitivity to detect low-level parasitaemia. In this study, the presence and prevalence of submicroscopic Plasmodium carriage were investigated to estimate the parasites reservoir among asymptomatic individuals living in low transmission areas in Dielmo and Ndiop, Senegal during the dry season. Methods A total of 2,037 blood samples were collected during cross-sectional surveys prior the malaria transmission season in July 2013 (N = 612), June 2014 (N = 723) and June 2015 (N = 702) from asymptomatic individuals living in Dielmo and Ndiop, Senegal. Samples were used to determine the prevalence of submicroscopic Plasmodium carriage by real time PCR (qPCR) in comparison to microscopy considered as gold standard. Results The prevalence of submicroscopic Plasmodium carriage was 3.75% (23/612), 12.44% (90/723) and 6.41% (45/702) in 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. No Plasmodium carriage was detected by microscopy in 2013 while microscopy-based prevalence of Plasmodium carriage accounted for only 0.27% (2/723) and 0.14% (1/702) in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for the majority of submicroscopic infections and represented 86.95% (20/23), 81.11% (73/90) and 95.55 (43/45) of infections in 2013, 2014 and 2015 respectively. Conclusion Low-density submicroscopic asymptomatic Plasmodium carriage is common in the study areas during the dry season indicating that traditional measures are insufficient to assess the scale of parasite reservoir when transmission reaches very low level. Control and elimination strategies may wish to consider using molecular methods to identify parasites carriers to guide Mass screening and Treatment strategies.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070887]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070887
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070887

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