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Cordoba F. E., Piovano E. L., Guerra L., Mulsow S., Sylvestre Florence, Zarate M. (2017). Independent time markers validate Pb-210 chronologies for two shallow Argentine lakes in Southern Pampas. Quaternary International, 438 (A), 175-186. ISSN 1040-6182

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2016.07.003

Titre
Independent time markers validate Pb-210 chronologies for two shallow Argentine lakes in Southern Pampas
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000403984500013
AuteursCordoba F. E., Piovano E. L., Guerra L., Mulsow S., Sylvestre Florence, Zarate M.
SourceQuaternary International, 2017, 438 (A), p. 175-186. ISSN 1040-6182
RésuméWe report here the results of detailed Pb-210 analysis from two lake sediment cores collected from Lagunas Encadenadas del Oeste (LEO), located in the southern Argentinean Pampas (37 degrees S, 62 degrees W). Non-exponential and non-monotonic Pb-210, depth-profiles in the sedimentary record of these shallow lacustrine systems indicate the interaction of complex processes behind radionuclide fluxes and lake sedimentation. The chronologies and sediment accumulation rates (SAR) for the lake sediment sequences were modeled using different Pb-210-based mathematical models. Since modeled Pb-210 ages must be validated against independent stratigraphic markers of known age, two chrono-stratigraphic markers were selected to control the upper and lowermost parts of the Pb-210 dated sediments. The younger stratigraphic marker of AD 1980 +/- 2 corresponds to an uppermost organic carbon-rich mud accumulated by 1977-78 matching the most noticeable lake highstand occurred during the 20th century, registered on instrumental and paleolimnological records across the Pampean Plains. The oldest stratigraphic marker corresponds to AD 1878 +/- 10 matching with a high lake productivity and wet phase related to anomalously intense rainfall and flooding events in southeastern South America for AD 1877-1878. When comparing the resulting ages to the stratigraphic markers, our results show that CRS-model (constant rate of supply) performs better than the other models. Thus, these independent chronostratigraphic markers used along the sedimentary records were critical to validate Pb-210-derived ages and therefore to select the most appropriate model to establish the chronological framework of the recent sediments of the LEO system. The CRS-model appears to be an adequate technique for deriving ages and SAR in the LEO sedimentary record and other Pampean lacustrine systems under strong hydrological variability.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.ARGENTINE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070250]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070250
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070250

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