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Fougeyrollas R., Krivanek J., Roy V., Dolejsava K., Frechault S., Roisin Y., Hanus R., Sillam-Dussès David. (2017). Asexual queen succession mediates an accelerated colony life cycle in the termite Silvestritermes minutus. Molecular Ecology, 26 (12), 3295-3308. ISSN 0962-1083

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/mec.14095

Titre
Asexual queen succession mediates an accelerated colony life cycle in the termite Silvestritermes minutus
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000402836700017
AuteursFougeyrollas R., Krivanek J., Roy V., Dolejsava K., Frechault S., Roisin Y., Hanus R., Sillam-Dussès David.
SourceMolecular Ecology, 2017, 26 (12), p. 3295-3308. ISSN 0962-1083
RésuméMixed modes of reproduction, combining sexual processes with thelytokous parthenogenesis, occur in all major clades of social insects. In several species of termites, queens maximize their genetic input into nondispersing replacement queens through parthenogenesis, while maintaining genetically diverse sterile offspring and dispersing reproductives via sexual reproduction. This so-called asexual queen succession (AQS) has multiple independent origins and its presumed advantages are diverse as well, ranging from multiplication of colony reproductive potential to extension of its life-span beyond that of the foundress. However, how AQS shapes colony life cycles under natural conditions remains poorly known. The neotropical termite Silvestritermes minutus inhabits small but conspicuous nests, offering a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of AQS on life history. We report on its breeding system, life cycle and sex allocation using social structure census in 137 nests and genotyping of 12 colonies at 12 microsatellite loci. We show that colonies are established by an outbred pair of primary reproductives. In less than 2 years, the foundress is replaced by multiple neotenic queens, arising mostly through automixis with central fusion. Sterile castes, male and most (93%) female dispersers are produced sexually. Colony reproduction is usually restricted to a single dispersal of alates with unbiased sex ratio, taking place after 3 years. We conclude that S. minutus benefits from AQS to maximize colony growth rate and alate production within a very short life cycle rather than to extend colony lifespan. This highlights the versatile role of AQS in different cases of its polyphyletic origin.
Plan de classementBiologie du sol [074]
Descr. géo.GUYANE FRANCAISE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070196]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070196
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070196

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