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Bourbonnais A., Letscher R. T., Bange H. W., Echevin Vincent, Larkum J., Mohn J., Yoshida N., Altabet M. A. (2017). N2O production and consumption from stable isotopic and concentration data in the Peruvian coastal upwelling system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31 (4), 678-698. ISSN 0886-6236

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/2016gb005567

Titre
N2O production and consumption from stable isotopic and concentration data in the Peruvian coastal upwelling system
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000401129200004
AuteursBourbonnais A., Letscher R. T., Bange H. W., Echevin Vincent, Larkum J., Mohn J., Yoshida N., Altabet M. A.
SourceGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 2017, 31 (4), p. 678-698. ISSN 0886-6236
RésuméThe ocean is an important source of nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere, yet the factors controlling N2O production and consumption in oceanic environments are still not understood nor constrained. We measured N2O concentrations and isotopomer ratios, as well as O-2, nutrient and biogenic N-2 concentrations, and the isotopic compositions of nitrate and nitrite at several coastal stations during two cruises off the Peru coast (similar to 5-16 degrees S, 75-81 degrees W) in December 2012 and January 2013. N2O concentrations varied from below equilibrium values in the oxygen deficient zone (ODZ) to up to 190 nmol L-1 in surface waters. We used a 3-D-reaction-advection-diffusion model to evaluate the rates and modes of N2O production in oxic waters and rates of N2O consumption versus production by denitrification in the ODZ. Intramolecular site preference in N2O isotopomer was relatively low in surface waters (generally -3 to 14 parts per thousand) and together with modeling results, confirmed the dominance of nitrifier-denitrification or incomplete denitrifier-denitrification, corresponding to an efflux of up to 0.6 Tg N yr(-1) off the Peru coast. Other evidence, e.g., the absence of a relationship between Delta N2O and apparent O-2 utilization and significant relationships between nitrate, a substrate during denitrification, and N2O isotopes, suggest that N2O production by incomplete denitrification or nitrifier-denitrification decoupled from aerobic organic matter remineralization are likely pathways for extreme N2O accumulation in newly upwelled surface waters. We observed imbalances between N2O production and consumption in the ODZ, with the modeled proportion of N2O consumption relative to production generally increasing with biogenic N-2. However, N2O production appeared to occur even where there was high N loss at the shallowest stations.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.PEROU ; PACIFIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070054]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070054
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070054

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