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Vidailhet M., Rieu D., Feillet F., Bocquet A., Chouraqui J. P., Darmaun D., Dupont C., Frelut M. L., Girardet J. P., Hankard R., Roze J. C., Simeoni U., Turck D., Briend André. (2017). Vitamin A in pediatrics : an update from the Nutrition Committee of the French Society of Pediatrics. Archives de Pédiatrie, 24 (3), 288-297. ISSN 0929-693X

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-05/010069482.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.arcped.2016.11.021

Titre
Vitamin A in pediatrics : an update from the Nutrition Committee of the French Society of Pediatrics
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000398764700015
AuteursVidailhet M., Rieu D., Feillet F., Bocquet A., Chouraqui J. P., Darmaun D., Dupont C., Frelut M. L., Girardet J. P., Hankard R., Roze J. C., Simeoni U., Turck D., Briend André.
SourceArchives de Pédiatrie, 2017, 24 (3), p. 288-297. ISSN 0929-693X
RésuméVitamin A (retinol) fulfills multiple functions in vision, cell growth and differentiation, embryogenesis, the maintenance of epithelial harriers and immunity. V large number of enzymes, binding proteins and receptors facilitate its intestinal absorption, hepatic storage, secretion, and distribution to target cells. In addition to the preformed retinol of animal origin, some fruits and vegetables are rich in carotenoids with provitamin A precursors such as beta-carotene: 6 mu g of beta-carotene corresponds to 1 mu g retinol equivalent (RE). Carotenoids never cause hypervitaminosis A. Determination of liver retinol concentration, the most reliable marker of vitamin A status, cannot be used in practice. Despite its lack of sensitivity and specificity, the concentration of retinol in blood is used to assess vitamin A status. A blood vitamin A concentration below 0.70 mu mol/L (200 mu g/L) indicates insufficient intake. Levels above 1.05 mu mol/L (300 mu g/L) indicate an adequate vitamin A status. The recommended dietary intake increases from 250 mu g RE/day between 7 and 36 months of age to 750 mu g RE/day between 15 and 17 years of age, which is usually adequate in industrialized countries. However, intakes often exceed the recommended intake, or even the upper limit (600 mu g/day), in some non-breastfed infants. The new European regulation on infant and follow-on formulas (2015) will likely limit this excessive intake. In some developing countries, vitamin A deficiency is one of the main causes of blindness and remains a major public health problem. The impact of vitamin A deficiency on mortality was not confirmed by the most recent studies. Periodic supplementation with high doses of vitamin A is currently questioned and food diversification, fortification or low-dose regular supplementation seem preferable.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.FRANCE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069482]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069482
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069482

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