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Gillikin D. P., Lorrain Anne, Jolivet A., Kelemen Z., Chauvaud L., Bouillon S. (2017). High-resolution nitrogen stable isotope sclerochronology of bivalve shell carbonate-bound organics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 200, 55-66. ISSN 0016-7037

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.008

Titre
High-resolution nitrogen stable isotope sclerochronology of bivalve shell carbonate-bound organics
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000396792700004
AuteursGillikin D. P., Lorrain Anne, Jolivet A., Kelemen Z., Chauvaud L., Bouillon S.
SourceGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2017, 200, p. 55-66. ISSN 0016-7037
RésuméNitrogen stable isotope ratios (delta N-15) of organic material have successfully been used to track food-web dynamics, nitrogen baselines, pollution, and nitrogen cycling. Extending the delta N-15 record back in time has not been straightforward due to a lack of suitable substrates in which delta N-15 records are faithfully preserved, thus sparking interest in utilizing skeletal carbonate-bound organic matter (CBOM) in mollusks, corals, and foraminifera. Here we test if calcite Pecten maximus shells from the Bay of Brest and the French continental shelf can be used as an archive of delta N-15 values over a large environmental gradient and at a high temporal resolution (approximately weekly). Bulk CBOM delta N-15 values from the growing tip of shells collected over a large nitrogen isotope gradient were strongly correlated with adductor muscle tissue delta N-15 values (R-2 = 0.99, n = 6, p < 0.0001). We were able to achieve weekly resolution (on average) over the growing season from sclerochronological profiles of three shells, which showed large seasonal variations up to 3.4%. However, there were also large inter-specimen differences (up to 2.5%) between shells growing at the same time and location. Generally, high-resolution shell delta N-15 values follow soft-tissue delta N-15 values, but soft-tissues integrate more time, hence soft-tissue data are more time-averaged and smoothed. Museum-archived shells from the 1950s, 1965, and 1970s do not show a large difference in delta N-15 values through time despite expected increasing N loading to the Bay over this time, which could be due to anthropogenic N sources with contrasting values. Compiling shell CBOM delta N-15 data from several studies suggests that the offset between soft-tissue and shell delta N-15 values (Dtissue-shell) differs between calcite and aragonite shells. We hypothesize that this difference is caused by differences in amino acids used in constructing the different minerals, which should be specific to the CaCO3 polymorph being constructed. Future work should use compound specific isotope analyses (CSIA) to test this hypothesis, and to determine whether certain amino acids could specifically track N sources or possibly identify amino acids that are more resistant to diagenesis in fossil shells. In conclusion, bivalve shell CBOM delta N-15 values can be used in a similar manner to soft-tissue delta N-15 values, and can track various biogeochemical events at a very high-resolution.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Pollution [038]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069420]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069420
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069420

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