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Schmidt F., Liégeois Florian, Greenwood E. J. D., LeBreton M., Lester J., Deleplancque L., Peeters Martine, Aghokeng Fobang Avelin, Tamoufe U., Diffo J. L. D., Takuo J. M., Wolfe N. D., Leroy Eric, Rouet F., Heeney J. L. (2017). Phyloepidemiological analysis reveals that viral divergence led to the paucity of simian immunodeficiency virus sivmus/gsn/mon infections in wild populations. Journal of Virology, 91 (6), e01884-16 [8 p.]. ISSN 0022-538X

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1128/jvi.01884-16

Titre
Phyloepidemiological analysis reveals that viral divergence led to the paucity of simian immunodeficiency virus sivmus/gsn/mon infections in wild populations
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000398098300010
AuteursSchmidt F., Liégeois Florian, Greenwood E. J. D., LeBreton M., Lester J., Deleplancque L., Peeters Martine, Aghokeng Fobang Avelin, Tamoufe U., Diffo J. L. D., Takuo J. M., Wolfe N. D., Leroy Eric, Rouet F., Heeney J. L.
SourceJournal of Virology, 2017, 91 (6), p. e01884-16 [8 p.]. ISSN 0022-538X
RésuméHuman immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the result of crossspecies transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus from chimpanzees (SIVcpz). SIVcpz is a chimeric virus which shares common ancestors with viruses infecting redcapped mangabeys and a subset of guenon species. The epidemiology of SIV infection in hominoids is characterized by low prevalences and an uneven geographic distribution. Surveys in Cameroon indicated that two closely related members of the guenon species subset, mustached guenons and greater spot-nosed guenons, infected with SIVmus and SIVgsn, respectively, also have low rates of SIV infections in their populations. Compared to that for other monkeys, including red-capped mangabeys and closely related guenon species, such an epidemiology is unusual. By intensifying sampling of geographically distinct populations of mustached and greater spot-nosed guenons in Gabon and including large sample sets of mona guenons from Cameroon, we add strong support to the hypothesis that the paucity of SIV infections in wild populations is a general feature of this monophyletic group of viruses. Furthermore, comparative phylogenetic analysis reveals that this phenotype is a feature of this group of viruses infecting phylogenetically disparate hosts, suggesting that this epidemiological phenotype results from infection with these HIV-1related viruses rather than from a common host factor. Thus, these HIV-1-related viruses, i.e., SIVcpz and the guenon viruses which share an ancestor with part of the SIVcpz genome, have an epidemiology distinct from that found for SIVs in other African primate species. IMPORTANCE Stable virus-host relationships are established over multiple generations. The prevalence of viral infections in any given host is determined by various factors. Stable virus-host relationships of viruses that are able to cause persistent infections and exist with high incidences of infection are generally characterized by a lack of morbidity prior to host reproduction. Such is the case for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections of humans. SIV infections of most African primate species also satisfy these criteria, with these infections found at a high prevalence and with rare cases of clinical disease. In contrast, SIVcpz, the ancestor of HIV-1, has a different epidemiology, and it has been reported that infected animals suffer from an AIDS-like disease in the wild. Here we conclusively demonstrate that viruses which are closely related to SIVcpz and infect a subset of guenon monkeys show an epidemiology resembling that of SIVcpz.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.CAMEROUN ; GABON
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069412]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069412
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069412

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