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Tagesson T., Ardo J., Cappelaere Bernard, Kergoat L., Abdi A., Horion S., Fensholt R. (2017). Modelling spatial and temporal dynamics of gross primary production in the Sahel from earth-observation-based photosynthetic capacity and quantum efficiency. Biogeosciences, 14 (5), 1333-1348. ISSN 1726-4170

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-04/010069406.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.5194/bg-14-1333-2017

Titre
Modelling spatial and temporal dynamics of gross primary production in the Sahel from earth-observation-based photosynthetic capacity and quantum efficiency
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000398191200001
AuteursTagesson T., Ardo J., Cappelaere Bernard, Kergoat L., Abdi A., Horion S., Fensholt R.
SourceBiogeosciences, 2017, 14 (5), p. 1333-1348. ISSN 1726-4170
RésuméIt has been shown that vegetation growth in semiarid regions is important to the global terrestrial CO2 sink, which indicates the strong need for improved understanding and spatially explicit estimates of CO2 uptake (gross primary production; GPP) in semi-arid ecosystems. This study has three aims: (1) to evaluate the MOD17A2H GPP (collection 6) product against GPP based on eddy covariance (EC) for six sites across the Sahel; (2) to characterize relationships between spatial and temporal variability in EC-based photosynthetic capacity (F-opt) and quantum efficiency (alpha) and vegetation indices based on earth observation (EO) (normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), renormalized difference vegetation index (RDVI), enhanced vegetation index (EVI) and shortwave infrared water stress index (SIWSI)); and (3) to study the applicability of EO upscaled F-opt and alpha for GPP modelling purposes. MOD17A2H GPP (collection 6) drastically underestimated GPP, most likely because maximum light use efficiency is set too low for semi-arid ecosystems in the MODIS algorithm. Intra-annual dynamics in F-opt were closely related to SIWSI being sensitive to equivalent water thickness, whereas alpha was closely related to RDVI being affected by chlorophyll abundance. Spatial and inter-annual dynamics in F-opt and alpha were closely coupled to NDVI and RDVI, respectively. Modelled GPP based on F-opt and alpha upscaled using EO-based indices reproduced in situ GPP well for all except a cropped site that was strongly im-pacted by anthropogenic land use. Upscaled GPP for the Sahel 2001-2014 was 736 +/- 39 gCm(-2) yr(-1). This study indicates the strong applicability of EO as a tool for spatially explicit estimates of GPP, F-opt and alpha; incorporating EO-based F-opt and alpha in dynamic global vegetation models could improve estimates of vegetation production and simulations of ecosystem processes and hydro-biochemical cycles.
Plan de classementEtudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Télédétection [126] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.SAHEL ; ZONE SEMIARIDE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069406]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069406
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069406

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