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Lim S., Fain X., Ginot Patrick, Mikhalenko V., Kutuzov S., Paris J. D., Kozachek A., Laj P. (2017). Black carbon variability since preindustrial times in the eastern part of Europe reconstructed from Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus, ice cores. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (5), 3489-3505. ISSN 1680-7316

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.5194/acp-17-3489-2017

Titre
Black carbon variability since preindustrial times in the eastern part of Europe reconstructed from Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus, ice cores
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000397827900001
AuteursLim S., Fain X., Ginot Patrick, Mikhalenko V., Kutuzov S., Paris J. D., Kozachek A., Laj P.
SourceAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2017, 17 (5), p. 3489-3505. ISSN 1680-7316
RésuméBlack carbon (BC), emitted by fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, is the second largest manmade contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide (Bond et al., 2013). However, limited information exists on its past emissions and atmospheric variability. In this study, we present the first high-resolution record of refractory BC (rBC, including mass concentration and size) reconstructed from ice cores drilled at a high-altitude eastern European site in Mt. Elbrus (ELB), Caucasus (5115ma. s.l.). The ELB ice core record, covering the period 1825-2013, reflects the atmospheric load of rBC particles at the ELB site transported from the European continent with a larger rBC input from sources located in the eastern part of Europe. In the first half of the 20th century, European anthropogenic emissions resulted in a 1.5-fold increase in the ice core rBC mass concentrations with respect to its level in the preindustrial era (before 1850). The summer (winter) rBC mass concentrations increased 5-fold (3.3-fold) in 1960-1980, followed by a decrease until similar to 2000. Over the last decade, the rBC signal for summertime slightly increased. We have compared the signal with the atmospheric BC load simulated using past BC emissions (ACCMIP and MACCity inventories) and taken into account the contribution of different geographical regions to rBC distribution and deposition at the ELB site. Interestingly, the observed rBC variability in the ELB ice core record since the 1960s is not in perfect agreement with the simulated atmospheric BC load. Similar features between the ice core rBC record and the best scenarios for the atmospheric BC load support anthropogenic BC increase in the 20th century being reflected in the ELB ice core record. However, the peak in BC mass concentration observed in similar to 1970 in the ice core is estimated to occur a decade later from past inventories. BC emission inventories for the period 1960s-1970s may be underestimating European anthropogenic emissions. Furthermore, for summertime snow layers of the 2000s, the slightly increasing trend of rBC deposition likely reflects recent changes in anthropogenic and biomass burning BC emissions in the eastern part of Europe. Our study highlights that the past changes in BC emissions of eastern Europe need to be considered in assessing ongoing air quality regulation.
Plan de classementSciences du milieu [021] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.RUSSIE ; CAUCASE ; ELBRUS MONT
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069404]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069404
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069404

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