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Assefa Y., Goftishu M., Capdevielle Dulac Claire, Le Rü Bruno. (2017). Clarifying the source of Conicofrontia sesamoides Hampson (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) population in South African sugarcane using morphological identification and mitochondrial DNA analysis. Phytoparasitica, 45 (1), 45-55. ISSN 0334-2123

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1007/s12600-017-0566-1

Titre
Clarifying the source of Conicofrontia sesamoides Hampson (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) population in South African sugarcane using morphological identification and mitochondrial DNA analysis
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000397300400005
AuteursAssefa Y., Goftishu M., Capdevielle Dulac Claire, Le Rü Bruno.
SourcePhytoparasitica, 2017, 45 (1), p. 45-55. ISSN 0334-2123
RésuméValid identification of a novel pest species and clarifying its origin are the primary steps in understanding population structure and development of biocontrol programs. In this study geographical populations of Conicofrontia sesamoides Hampson (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) collected during surveys conducted in the years 2009, 2014 and 2015 were morphologically identified and their genetic diversity was analysed by using sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase I (COI) gene in an attempt to examine host plant, or/and altitude associated differences among populations and determine the source of the newly recorded population of this species in the South African sugarcane. The C. sesamoides specimens in this study were collected from Miscanthus capensis (Nees) (Poaceae) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) (Poaceae) in Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces of South Africa. Analysis of Molecular Variance showed a moderate to highly significant genetic differentiation between C. sesamoides populations from different host plants (FST = 0.115, p = 0.14) and altitudinal range (FST = 0.159, p = 0.18). This result was however, contradictory to outcomes of phylogenetic analyses, haplotype networking and uncorrected sequence divergence (0.0-1.54%) which revealed no detectable genetic differentiation between populations from different host plants and altitudes. As it is difficult to measure FST accurately without a large data set, the very small sample used in the analysis might have resulted in inflation of the FST value in this study. After evaluation of the results, it was concluded that the sugarcane population of C. sesamoides has originated from the population residing in wild host plants in the Eastern Cape and/or KwaZulu-Natal provinces of South Africa. Possible reasons for the host plant expansion and its implications to commercial sugarcane production in the country are discussed.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE DU SUD
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069371]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069371
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069371

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