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Primulyana S., Bani Philipson, Harris A. (2017). The effusive-explosive transitions at Rokatenda 2012-2013 : unloading by extrusion of degassed magma with lateral gas flow. Bulletin of Volcanology, 79 (2), art. 22 [16 p.]. ISSN 0258-8900

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The effusive-explosive transitions at Rokatenda 2012-2013 : unloading by extrusion of degassed magma with lateral gas flow
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000394165900010
AuteursPrimulyana S., Bani Philipson, Harris A.
SourceBulletin of Volcanology, 2017, 79 (2), p. art. 22 [16 p.]. p. art. 22 [16 p.] ISSN 0258-8900
RésuméBetween October 2012 and August 2013, Rokatenda, one of the most poorly understood volcanoes in Indonesia, entered a phase of intense eruptive activity which involved extrusion of viscous lava, gas discharge and explosive activity. During the 10-month-long eruption, a lava volume of 2-5 x 10(6) m(3) was extruded at mean output rate of 0.3 m(3) s-(1), with 2 to 3-month-long high extrusion rate phases being terminated by explosive events. Extrusion built a lava dome attaining a maximum height of similar to 80 m above the crater rim, with a basal width of about 250 m. The composition of the 2012-2013 lava dome is comparable to that of the 1980 lava dome, both being andesite-trachydacite. Mineralogically, the 2012-2013 lava dome is mainly composed of plagioclase, pyroxene and an undetermined opaque mineral. Halogens released during eruption are consistent with the extrusion being fed, at least in the first eruption phase, by a degassed magma. This resulted in the formation of a dense, viscous plug in the conduit that led to a lateral gas flow, with gasses escaping around the plug to form multiple craters surrounding the dome. During the course of the eruptive activity, degassed magma was progressively forced out of the vent to unload deeper magma and force the system into an explosive phase. Such a scenario has occurred in the past at Rokatenda and is likely to be repeated in the future and creates an activity pattern that may be used to characterize such systems.
Plan de classementGéophysique interne [066]
Descr. géo.INDONESIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069347]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069347
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069347

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