Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Doggui R., El Ati-Hellal M., Traissac Pierre, Lahmar L., El Ati J. (2017). Adequacy assessment of a universal salt iodization program two decades after its implementation : a national cross-sectional study of iodine status among school-age children in Tunisia. Nutrients, 9 (1), art. 6 [17 p.]. ISSN 2072-6643

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-04/010069336.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.3390/nu9010006

Titre
Adequacy assessment of a universal salt iodization program two decades after its implementation : a national cross-sectional study of iodine status among school-age children in Tunisia
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000396465500006
AuteursDoggui R., El Ati-Hellal M., Traissac Pierre, Lahmar L., El Ati J.
SourceNutrients, 2017, 9 (1), p. art. 6 [17 p.]. p. art. 6 [17 p.] ISSN 2072-6643
RésuméIn the framework of a worldwide policy to eliminate iodine deficiency (ID) disorders, universal salt iodization was adopted in Tunisia two decades ago. The present study aims to evaluate this strategy, using both performance and impact indicators. A total of 1560 children, aged 6-12 years, were randomly sampled using a national, two-stage, stratified, cross-sectional cluster survey in 2012. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) of the subjects, and household salt iodine content, were analyzed. The national median UIC was 220 mu g/L (95% confidence interval (CI): 199-241), indicating an acceptable iodine status at the population level. Only 11.4% (95% CI: 8.6-14.9) of the children had UIC <100 mu g/L, but with large regional disparities (4.3% to 25.5%, p < 0.01); however, more than a quarter of the subjects were at risk of adverse health consequences due to iodine excess. Children from households of low socio-economic levels were more prone to inadequate UIC. The national median iodine concentration of household salt was 22 mg/kg (95% CI: 21-23). Only half of the households used adequately iodized salt (15-25 ppm), with large regional disparities. National ID rates are now well below the target criteria of WHO (World Health Organization) certification (<20% of children with UIC < 50 mu g/L and < 50% with UIC < 100 mu g/L). The coverage of adequately iodized salt fell short in meeting the goals of USI (Universal Salt Iodization), i.e., >90% of households. Regular monitoring of iodized salt production lines must be strengthened with involvement by producers.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.TUNISIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069336]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069336
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069336

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Nouméa

Papeete

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito