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Huerga H., Ferlazzo G., Bevilacqua P., Kirubi B., Ardizzoni E., Wanjala S., Sitienei J., Bonnet Maryline. (2017). Incremental yield of including determine-TB LAM assay in diagnostic algorithms for hospitalized and ambulatory HIV-positive patients in Kenya. Plos One, 12 (1), e0170976 [15 p.]. ISSN 1932-6203

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170976

Titre
Incremental yield of including determine-TB LAM assay in diagnostic algorithms for hospitalized and ambulatory HIV-positive patients in Kenya
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000396176100013
AuteursHuerga H., Ferlazzo G., Bevilacqua P., Kirubi B., Ardizzoni E., Wanjala S., Sitienei J., Bonnet Maryline.
SourcePlos One, 2017, 12 (1), p. e0170976 [15 p.]. p. e0170976 [15 p.] ISSN 1932-6203
RésuméBackground Determine-TB LAM assay is a urine point-of-care test useful for TB diagnosis in HIV-positive patients. We assessed the incremental diagnostic yield of adding LAM to algorithms based on clinical signs, sputum smear-microscopy, chest X-ray and Xpert MTB/RIF in HIV-positive patients with symptoms of pulmonary TB (PTB). Methods Prospective observational cohort of ambulatory (either severely ill or CD4< 200cells/mu l or with Body Mass Index<17Kg/m(2)) and hospitalized symptomatic HIV-positive adults in Kenya. Incremental diagnostic yield of adding LAM was the difference in the proportion of confirmed TB patients (positive Xpert or MTB culture) diagnosed by the algorithm with LAM compared to the algorithm without LAM. The multivariable mortality model was adjusted for age, sex, clinical severity, BMI, CD4, ART initiation, LAM result and TB confirmation. Results Among 474 patients included, 44.1% were severely ill, 69.6% had CD4< 200cells/mu l, 59.9% had initiated ART, 23.2% could not produce sputum. LAM, smear-microscopy, Xpert and culture in sputum were positive in 39.0% (185/474), 21.6% (76/352), 29.1% (102/350) and 39.7% (92/232) of the patients tested, respectively. Of 156 patients with confirmed TB, 65.4% were LAM positive. Of those classified as non-TB, 84.0% were LAM negative. Adding LAM increased the diagnostic yield of the algorithms by 36.6%, from 47.4% (95% CI: 39.4- 55.6) to 84.0% (95% CI: 77.3-89.4%), when using clinical signs and X-ray; by 19.9%, from 62.2% (95% CI: 54.1-69.8) to 82.1% (95% CI: 75.1-87.7), when using clinical signs and microscopy; and by 13.4%, from 74.4% (95% CI: 66.8-81.0) to 87.8% (95% CI: 81.6-92.5), when using clinical signs and Xpert. LAM positive patients had an increased risk of 2-months mortality (aOR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.5-4.9). Conclusion LAM should be included in TB diagnostic algorithms in parallel to microscopy or Xpert request for HIV-positive patients either ambulatory (severely ill or CD4<200cells/mu l) or hospitalized. LAM allows same day treatment initiation in patients at higher risk of death and in those not able to produce sputum.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Santé : généralités [050]
Descr. géo.KENYA
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069307]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069307
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069307

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