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Mora A., Mahlknecht J., Baquero J. C., Laraque Alain, Alfonso J. A., Pisapia D., Balza L. (2017). Dynamics of dissolved major (Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Si) and trace (Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Cr) elements along the lower Orinoco River. Hydrological Processes, 31 (3), 597-611. ISSN 0885-6087

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/hyp.11051

Titre
Dynamics of dissolved major (Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Si) and trace (Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Cr) elements along the lower Orinoco River
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000393558900008
AuteursMora A., Mahlknecht J., Baquero J. C., Laraque Alain, Alfonso J. A., Pisapia D., Balza L.
SourceHydrological Processes, 2017, 31 (3), p. 597-611. ISSN 0885-6087
RésuméThis study addresses the changes in dissolved major and trace element concentrations along the Orinoco River, including the mixing zone between the Orinoco and Apure Rivers. Water samples from the Apure and Orinoco Rivers were collected monthly in four sectors over a period of 15months. Auxiliary parameters (pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, and temperature), total suspended sediments, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and major (Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Si) and trace (Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Cr) element concentrations were measured in all sectors. The relative contribution of both rivers after the Apure-Orinoco confluence was determined using Ca as a tracer. Moreover, a mixing model was developed to determine whether dissolved species exhibit a conservative behavior during mixing. The results indicate that DOC is removed from waters during the Apure-Orinoco mixing, probably due to absorption of DOC on mineral phases supplied by the Apure River. Dissolved Na, Ca, and Mg behave conservatively during the mixing processes, and their concentrations are controlled by a dilution process. The anomaly in the temporal pattern of K in the Orinoco is caused by the input of biogenic K originating from the Apure River during the high-water stage. The loss of dissolved Si during the low-water stage can be explained by the uptake of Si by diatoms. Dissolved Mn, Zn, Al, and Fe showed a non-conservative behavior during the Apure-Orinoco mixing. The removal of Mn and Zn from the dissolved phase can be explained by the formation of Mn-oxyhydroxides and the scavenging of Zn onto Mn oxides. Dissolved Fe is controlled by redox processes, although the removals of Fe and Al due to the preferential adsorption of large organometallic complexes by mineral surfaces after the Apure-Orinoco confluence can affect the mobility of both elements during transport. The conservative behavior shown by Cu and Cr can be related to the tendency of both elements to be complexed with small organic colloids, which are not preferentially adsorbed by clays.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062]
Descr. géo.VENEZUELA ; GUYANES PLATEAU ; APURE COURS D'EAU ; ORENOQUE COURS D'EAU
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069257]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069257
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069257

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