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Caillaud J., Lesourd L., Philippe S., Gontharet S., Sarrazin Max, Gardel A. (2017). Physical properties of muddy sediments from French Guiana. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 73, 22-32. ISSN 0895-9811

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2016.11.006

Titre
Physical properties of muddy sediments from French Guiana
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000393253400003
AuteursCaillaud J., Lesourd L., Philippe S., Gontharet S., Sarrazin Max, Gardel A.
SourceJournal of South American Earth Sciences, 2017, 73, p. 22-32. ISSN 0895-9811
RésuméThe North West migration of long and discontinuous mud banks along the French Guiana coast has been extensively studied during the past years, in particular with a large-scale vision, which consequently has integrated morpho and hydrodynamic data. The aims of the present paper were to use intrinsic sediment properties (grain-size, mineralogy, concentration, and cohesion) to (1) highlight the sedimentary conditions during the consolidation processes from fluid deposit to vegetation development, and (2) verify the apparent homogeneously derived sedimentary facies. Two intertidal transects, Macouria and Cayenne, were compared from the coast to offshore. Their altitude averages of 1 m and 2.8 m above mean sea level, respectively, were different enough to compare the influence of,the hydrodynamic impact and emersion time on their sediment properties. The latter, i.e. grain size distribution, mineralogical content, mud concentration, and shear strength (cohesion), were determined from sampled surface sediments (first cm) and along sediment cores (20-30 cm depth) from each transect. A specific X-ray technique was applied to the whole core to differentiate clearly its thin layers. On both intertidal sites, the grain size dominated by the fine silt fraction (2-20 mu m) and the bulk mineralogy characterized by five major minerals (quartz, feldspars, chlorite, illite, and kaolinite) appeared homogeneous along both transects and cores. In spite of this apparent uniformity of particle size and mineralogical parameters, as well as for visual observation along the core, high precision X-rays still showed a cyclic sedimentation at a micro-scale level. This cyclicity with intercalation of fine layers was related to distinct dynamic deposits marked by both tidal processes and hydrodynamic factors (swell propagation). The cohesion and concentration results were dependent on the topography, where high topography was characterized by sediments with high cohesion and concentration values, and vice versa. A comparison between these two parameters was done to define critical limits between soft and stiff muds, as well as unvegetated and colonized muds. The favorable intrinsic sedimentary properties for consolidation and colonization were also discussed according to the field observations and bibliographic data.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.GUYANE FRANCAISE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010069254]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010069254
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010069254

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