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Mallet D., Vigliola Laurent, Wantiez L., Pelletier D. (2016). Diurnal temporal patterns of the diversity and the abundance of reef fishes in a branching coral patch in New Caledonia. Austral Ecology, 41 (7), 733-744. ISSN 1442-9985

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/aec.12360

Diurnal temporal patterns of the diversity and the abundance of reef fishes in a branching coral patch in New Caledonia
Année de publication2016
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000386750500002
AuteursMallet D., Vigliola Laurent, Wantiez L., Pelletier D.
SourceAustral Ecology, 2016, 41 (7), p. 733-744. ISSN 1442-9985
RésuméSmall-scale spatial and temporal variability in animal abundance is an intrinsic characteristic of marine ecosystems but remains largely unknown for most animals, including coral reef fishes. In this study, we used a remote autonomous unbaited video system and recorded reef fish assemblages during daylight hours, 10 times a day for 34 consecutive days in a branching coral patch of the lagoon of New Caledonia. In total, 50031 fish observations belonging to 114 taxa, 66 genera and 31 families were recorded in 256 recorded videos. Carnivores and herbivore-detritus feeders dominated the trophic structure. We found significant variations in the composition of fish assemblages between times of day. Taxa richness and fish abundance were greater in the early morning and in the late afternoon than during the day. Fourteen taxa displayed well-defined temporal patterns in abundance with one taxon influenced by time of day, six influenced by tidal state and seven influenced by both time of day and tidal state. None of these 14 taxa were piscivores, 10 were herbivore-detritus feeders, three were carnivores and one was plankton feeder. Our results suggest a diel migration from feeding grounds to shelter areas and highlight the importance of taking into account small-scale temporal variability in animal diversity and abundance when studying connectivity between habitats and monitoring communities.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010068307]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010068307
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010068307

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