Methodological comparison for quantitative analysis of fossil and recently derived carbon in mine soils with high content of aliphatic kerogen [plus Supplementary data] - fdi:010065804 - Horizon

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Vindu¨ková O., Sebag David, Cailleau G., Brus J., Frouz J. (2015). Methodological comparison for quantitative analysis of fossil and recently derived carbon in mine soils with high content of aliphatic kerogen [plus Supplementary data]. Organic Geochemistry, 89-90, 14-22 [+ 4 p.]. ISSN 0146-6380

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2015.10.001

Titre
Methodological comparison for quantitative analysis of fossil and recently derived carbon in mine soils with high content of aliphatic kerogen [plus Supplementary data]
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:0000365402600002
AuteursVindu¨ková O., Sebag David, Cailleau G., Brus J., Frouz J.
SourceOrganic Geochemistry, 2015, 89-90, p. 14-22 [+ 4 p.]. ISSN 0146-6380
RésuméIn mine soil, quantification of soil organic carbon (OC) derived recently from biomass decomposition is complicated by the presence of fossil (geogenic) C derived from coal, oil shale, or similar material in the overburden. The only reliable method for such measurement is 14C analysis (i.e. radiocarbon dating) using instrumentation such as accelerator mass spectrometry, which is too expensive for routine laboratory analysis. We tested two previously used and two new methods for recent C quantification and compared them with 14C AMS radiocarbon dating as a reference using a set of soil samples (n = 14) from Sokolov, Czech Republic: (i) 13C isotope ratio composition, (ii) cross polarization magic angle spinning 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (CPMAS 13C NMR) spectroscopy, (iii) near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) coupled with partial least squares regression and (iv) Rock-Eval pyrolysis. Conventional methods for OC determination (dry combustion, wet dichromate oxidation, loss-on-ignition) were also compared to quantify any bias connected with their use. All the methods provided acceptable recent carbon estimates in the presence of mostly aliphatic fossil C from kerogen. However, the most accurate predictions were obtained with two approaches using Rock-Eval pyrolysis parameters as predictors, namely (i) S2 curve components and (ii) oxygen index (OI). The S2 curve approach is based on the lower thermal stability of recent vs. fossil organic matter. The OI approach corresponded well with 13C NMR spectra, which showed that samples rich in recent C were richer in carboxyl C and O-alkyl C. These two methods showed the greatest potential as routine methods for recent C quantification.
Plan de classementPédologie [068] ; Géologie et formations superficielles [064]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010065804]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010065804
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010065804

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