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Walcker R., Anthony E. J., Cassou C., Aller R. C., Gardel A., Proisy Christophe, Martinez Jean-Michel, Fromard F. (2015). Fluctuations in the extent of mangroves driven by multi-decadal changes in North Atlantic waves. Journal of Biogeography, 42 (11), 2209-2219. ISSN 0305-0270

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/jbi.12580

Titre
Fluctuations in the extent of mangroves driven by multi-decadal changes in North Atlantic waves
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000362833700016
AuteursWalcker R., Anthony E. J., Cassou C., Aller R. C., Gardel A., Proisy Christophe, Martinez Jean-Michel, Fromard F.
SourceJournal of Biogeography, 2015, 42 (11), p. 2209-2219. ISSN 0305-0270
RésuméAimThe goal of the study was to quantify changes in the extent of mangroves since the mid-twentieth century and to test the hypothesis that these changes are driven by ocean waves. LocationThe pristine 300-km-long coast of French Guiana, South America. MethodsWe produced time series of mangrove maps using archival remote sensing images. We retrieved significant wave heights (H-S), mean wave periods (T-M) and mean wave directions ((M)) from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis products. We used complex empirical orthogonal function (CEOF) decomposition to extract the main mode of mangrove surface area (M-S) variability and singular value decomposition (SVD) to test the relationships between M-S and H-S,T-M and (M). ResultsThe leading mode of variability extracted from the CEOF decomposition of M-S captured approximately 78% of the total auto-covariance and revealed multi-decadal fluctuations in M-S that were on the order of 10,000ha. The SVD results indicated that the multi-decadal fluctuation in M-S cross-covaried with H-S,T-M and (M) over the North Atlantic sector, particularly in the region immediately off the French Guiana coast that is remotely forced by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) during the winter season. Main conclusionsWe provide evidence based on linear statistics that variations in the extent of mangroves are driven by large-scale, low-frequency changes in North Atlantic waves that are related to the NAO. Such a relationship is hypothesized to operate through wave pounding, which alters the mud substrates on which mangroves thrive and which varies with the phase of the NAO. In addition to long-term trends due to anthropogenic climate change, our results stress the importance of studying low-frequency modes of climate variability to understand changes in the extent of mangroves.
Plan de classementEtudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.GUYANE FRANCAISE ; AMAZONE ; ATLANTIQUE NORD
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010065393]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010065393
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010065393

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