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Loiseau N., Gaertner Jean-Claude. (2015). Indices for assessing coral reef fish biodiversity : the need for a change in habits. Ecology and Evolution, 5 (18), 4018-4027. ISSN 2045-7758

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/ece3.1619

Titre
Indices for assessing coral reef fish biodiversity : the need for a change in habits
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000362090700014
AuteursLoiseau N., Gaertner Jean-Claude.
SourceEcology and Evolution, 2015, 5 (18), p. 4018-4027. ISSN 2045-7758
RésuméWe present the first representative and quantified overview of the indices used worldwide for assessing the biodiversity of coral reef fishes. On this basis, we discuss the suitability and drawbacks of the indices most widely used in the assessment of coral fish biodiversity. An extensive and systematic survey of the literature focused on coral reef fish biodiversity was conducted from 1990 up to the present. We found that the multicomponent aspect of biodiversity, which is considered as a key feature of biodiversity for numerous terrestrial and marine ecosystems, has been poorly taken into account in coral reef fish studies. Species richness is still strongly dominant while other diversity components, such as functional diversity, are underestimated even when functional information is available. We also demonstrate that the reason for choosing particular indices is often unclear, mainly based on empirical rationales and/or the reproduction of widespread habits, but generally with no clear relevance with regard to the aims of the studies. As a result, the most widely used indices (species richness, Shannon, etc.) would appear to be poorly suited to meeting the main challenges facing the monitoring of coral reef fish biodiversity in the future. Our results clearly show that coral reef scientists should rather take advantage of the multicomponent aspect of biodiversity. To facilitate this approach, we propose general guidelines to serve as a basis for the selection of indices that provide complementary and relevant information for monitoring the response of coral reef fish biodiversity in the face of structuring factors (natural or anthropic). The aim of these guidelines was to achieve a better match between the properties of the selected indices and the context of each study (e.g. expected effect of the main structuring factors, nature of data available).
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010065344]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010065344
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010065344

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