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Berthelot H., Moutin T., L'Helguen S., Leblanc K., Hélias S., Grosso O., Leblond N., Charrière B., Bonnet Sophie. (2015). Dinitrogen fixation and dissolved organic nitrogen fueled primary production and particulate export during the VAHINE mesocosm experiment (New Caledonia lagoon). Biogeosciences, 12 (13), 4099-4112. ISSN 1726-4170

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.5194/bg-12-4099-2015

Titre
Dinitrogen fixation and dissolved organic nitrogen fueled primary production and particulate export during the VAHINE mesocosm experiment (New Caledonia lagoon)
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000357978900011
AuteursBerthelot H., Moutin T., L'Helguen S., Leblanc K., Hélias S., Grosso O., Leblond N., Charrière B., Bonnet Sophie.
SourceBiogeosciences, 2015, 12 (13), p. 4099-4112. ISSN 1726-4170
RésuméIn the oligotrophic ocean characterized by nitrate (NO3-) depletion in surface waters, dinitrogen (N-2) fixation and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) can represent significant nitrogen (N) sources for the ecosystem. In this study, we deployed large in situ mesocosms in New Caledonia in order to investigate (1) the contribution of N-2 fixation and DON use to primary production (PP) and particle export and (2) the fate of the freshly produced particulate organic N (PON), i.e., whether it is preferentially accumulated and recycled in the water column or exported out of the system. The mesocosms were fertilized with phosphate (PO43-) in order to prevent phosphorus (P) limitation and promote N-2 fixation. The diazotrophic community was dominated by diatom-diazotroph associations (DDAs) during the first part of the experiment for 10 days (P1) followed by the unicellular N-2-fixing cyanobacteria UCYN-C for the last 9 days (P2) of the experiment. N2 fixation rates averaged 9.8 +/- 4.0 and 27.7 +/- 8.6 nmol L-1 d(-1) during P1 and P2, respectively. NO3- concentrations (<0.04 mu mol L-1) in the mesocosms were a negligible source of N, indicating that N-2 fixation was the main driver of new production throughout the experiment. The contribution of N-2 fixation to PP was not significantly different (p > 0.05) during P1 (9.0 +/- 3.3 %) and P2 (12.6 +/- 6.1 %). However, the e ratio that quantifies the efficiency of a system to export particulate organic carbon (POCexport) compared to PP (e ratio = POCexport / PP) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) during P2 (39.7 +/- 24.9 %) than during P1 (23.9 +/- 20.2 %), indicating that the production sustained by UCYN-C was more efficient at promoting C export than the production sustained by DDAs. During P1, PON was stable and the total amount of N provided by N2 fixation (0.10 +/- 0.02 mu mol L-1) was not significantly different (p > 0.05) from the total amount of PON exported (0.10 +/- 0.04 mu mol L-1), suggesting a rapid and probably direct export of the recently fixed N-2 by the DDAs. During P2, both PON concentrations and PON export increased in the mesocosms by a factor 1.5-2. Unlike in P1, this PON production was not totally explained by the new N provided by N-2 fixation. The use of DON, whose concentrations decreased significantly (p < 0.05) from 5.3 +/- 0.5 mu mol L-1 to 4.4 +/- 0.5 mu mol L-1, appeared to be the missing N source. The DON consumption (similar to 0.9 mu mol L-1) during P2 is higher than the total amount of new N brought by N-2 fixation (similar to 0.25 mu mol L-1) during the same period. These results suggest that while DDAs mainly rely on N-2 fixation for their N requirements, both N-2 fixation and DON can be significant N sources for primary production and particulate export following UCYN-C blooms in the New Caledonia lagoon and by extension in the N-limited oceans where similar events are likely to occur.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
Descr. géo.NOUVELLE CALEDONIE ; PACIFIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064829] ; Nouméa
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064829
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064829

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