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Flores-Aqueveque V., Alfaro S., Vargas G., Rutllant J. A., Caquineau Sandrine. (2015). Aeolian particles in marine cores as a tool for quantitative high-resolution reconstruction of upwelling favorable winds along coastal Atacama Desert, Northern Chile. Progress in Oceanography, 134, 244-255. ISSN 0079-6611

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2015.02.003

Titre
Aeolian particles in marine cores as a tool for quantitative high-resolution reconstruction of upwelling favorable winds along coastal Atacama Desert, Northern Chile
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000356553900014
AuteursFlores-Aqueveque V., Alfaro S., Vargas G., Rutllant J. A., Caquineau Sandrine.
SourceProgress in Oceanography, 2015, 134, p. 244-255. ISSN 0079-6611
RésuméUpwelling areas play a major role in ocean biogeochemical cycles and ultimately in global climate, especially in higly productive regions as the South Eastern Pacific. This work is based on the analysis of the aeolian lithic particles accumulated in laminated sediments off Mejillones (23 degrees S) in the eastern boundary Humboldt Current System. It proposes a high-resolution quantitative reconstruction of the upwelling-favorable southerly wind strength in the past similar to 250 years, comparing its variability with changes in organic carbon export/preserved changes to the sea bottom. The increase of the intensity and variability in fluxes of particles larger than 35 mu m and 100 mu m since the second half of the 19th century and during the 20th century confirms a general strengthening of southerly winds in the region. Spectral analysis on the complete time-series of yearly depositional fluxes indicates that sedimentary variability can be explained by a combination of interannual (ENSO) to decadal (PDO) oscillations similar to the ones yielded by the analysis of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation index. However, when applied separately to the lithic fluxes of the first and last centuries of the time-series, the method shows that relative to the one of the interannual mode of variability, the influence of the decadal mode has increased in the recent period. Based on the presence/absence of particles with sizes larger than 35/100 mu m, each year of the time series is classified as a 'Low wind' (<6 m/s), 'Intermediate wind' (6-8 m/s), or 'Strong wind' (10 to >12 m/s) year. From the AD 1754-1820 period to the AD 1878-1998 one, the proportion of Low and Intermediate wind years decreased from 12% and 74% to 3% and 68%, respectively, whereas the proportion of strong wind years increased from 14% to 29%. For these periods the mean organic carbon also increased 22%, stating the strong relation between export/preservation productivity rate and southerly wind intensity. In the recent period (from AD 1950 on) for which the Oceanic Nino Index is available, the strong wind years (AD 1982, 1983, 1994, and 1997) correspond to large values of this index, suggesting that constructive interferences that result from the interplay between interannual and decadal oscillations modes might explain in part the reinforcement of the winds along the North Chilean coast.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Géologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.CHILI ; ATACAMA ; PACIFIQUE ; MEJILLONES BAIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064758]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064758
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064758

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