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Dayan H., Izumo Takeshi, Vialard Jérôme, Lengaigne Matthieu, Masson S. (2015). Do regions outside the tropical Pacific influence ENSO through atmospheric teleconnections ?. Climate Dynamics, 45 (3-4), 583-601. ISSN 0930-7575

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Titre
Do regions outside the tropical Pacific influence ENSO through atmospheric teleconnections ?
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000356807800003
AuteursDayan H., Izumo Takeshi, Vialard Jérôme, Lengaigne Matthieu, Masson S.
SourceClimate Dynamics, 2015, 45 (3-4), p. 583-601. ISSN 0930-7575
RésuméThis paper aims at identifying oceanic regions outside the tropical Pacific, which may influence the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) through interannual modulation of equatorial Pacific winds. An Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM) 7-members ensemble experiment forced by climatological sea surface temperature (hereafter, SST) in the tropical Pacific Ocean and observed interannually varying SST elsewhere produces ensemble-mean equatorial zonal wind stress interannual anomalies (ZWSA) over the equatorial Pacific. These ZWSA are largest during boreal winter in the western Pacific, and induce a similar to 0.5 degrees C response in the central Pacific during the following spring in a simple ocean model, that weakly but significantly correlates with the following ENSO peak amplitude. When correlated with global SST, the residual western equatorial Pacific ZWSA yield SST patterns that are reminiscent of ENSO teleconnections in the Indian, North and South Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans. We further design 20-members ensemble sensitivity experiments forced by typical SST patterns of the main climate modes for each of these regions, in order to identify regions that influence equatorial Pacific ZWSA most. In our experiments, only the Indian Ocean Basin-wide SST warming in late boreal winter produces a statistically significant ZWSA in the western equatorial Pacific, resulting in a weak but significant similar to 0.35 degrees C SST response in the central Pacific (i.e. similar to 35 % of the observed standard deviation) during the following spring, the season when the Bjerkness coupled feedback is particularly efficient. This paper hence agrees with previous studies, which suggest that ENSO-induced basin-wide SST signals in the Indian Ocean may contribute to the phase transition of ENSO. Our results suggest that studies exploring external influences on ENSO should adopt a global approach rather than focus on a specific region. Designing coupled model simulations would also allow investigating air-sea interactions-mediated teleconnection mechanisms, which we can't reproduce in our forced AGCM framework.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.OCEAN INDIEN ; PACIFIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064739]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064739
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064739

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