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Fujisaki Kenji, Perrin A. S., Desjardins Thierry, Bernoux Martial, Balbino L. C., Brossard Michel. (2015). From forest to cropland and pasture systems : a critical review of soil organic carbon stocks changes in Amazonia. Global Change Biology, 21 (7), 2773-2786. ISSN 1354-1013

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/gcb.12906

Titre
From forest to cropland and pasture systems : a critical review of soil organic carbon stocks changes in Amazonia
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000356422500027
AuteursFujisaki Kenji, Perrin A. S., Desjardins Thierry, Bernoux Martial, Balbino L. C., Brossard Michel.
SourceGlobal Change Biology, 2015, 21 (7), p. 2773-2786. ISSN 1354-1013
RésuméThe impact of deforestation on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is important in the context of climate change and agricultural soil use. Trends of SOC stock changes after agroecosystem establishment vary according to the spatial scale considered, and factors explaining these trends may differ sometimes according to meta-analyses. We have reviewed the knowledge about changes in SOC stocks in Amazonia after the establishment of pasture or cropland, sought relationships between observed changes and soil, climatic variables and management practices, and synthesized the C-13 measured in pastures. Our dataset consisted of 21 studies mostly synchronic, across 52 sites (Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Suriname), totalling 70 forest-agroecosystem comparisons. We found that pastures (n=52, mean age = 17.6years) had slightly higher SOC stocks than forest (+6.8 +/- 3.1%), whereas croplands (n=18, mean age = 8.7years) had lower SOC stocks than forest (-8.5 +/- 2.9%). Annual precipitation and SOC stocks under forest had no effect on the SOC changes in the agroecosystems. For croplands, we found a lower SOC loss than other meta-analyses, but the short time period after deforestation here could have reduced this loss. There was no clear effect of tillage on the SOC response. Management of pastures, whether they were degraded/nominal/improved, had no significant effect on SOC response. C-13 measurements on 16 pasture chronosequences showed that decay of forest-derived SOC was variable, whereas pasture-derived SOC was less so and was characterized by an accumulation plateau of 20 Mg SOC ha(-1) after 20years. The large uncertainties in SOC response observed could be derived from the chronosequence approach, sensitive to natural soil variability and to human management practices. This study emphasizes the need for diachronic and long-term studies, associated with better knowledge of agroecosystem management.
Plan de classementPédologie [068] ; Sciences du monde végétal [076] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.BRESIL ; COLOMBIE ; GUYANE FRANCAISE ; SURINAME ; AMAZONIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064720]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064720
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064720

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