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Machu Eric, Goubanova Katerina, Le Vu B., Gutknecht E., Garcon V. (2015). Downscaling biogeochemistry in the Benguela eastern boundary current. Ocean Modelling, 90, 57-71. ISSN 1463-5003

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.01.003

Titre
Downscaling biogeochemistry in the Benguela eastern boundary current
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000355148400005
AuteursMachu Eric, Goubanova Katerina, Le Vu B., Gutknecht E., Garcon V.
SourceOcean Modelling, 2015, 90, p. 57-71. ISSN 1463-5003
RésuméDynamical downscaling is developed to better predict the regional impact of global changes in the framework of scenarios. As an intermediary step towards this objective we used the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) to downscale a low resolution coupled atmosphere-ocean global circulation model (AOGCM; IPSL-CM4) for simulating the recent-past dynamics and biogeochemistry of the Benguela eastern boundary current. Both physical and biogeochemical improvements are discussed over the present climate scenario (1980-1999) under the light of downscaling. Despite biases introduced through boundary conditions (atmospheric and oceanic), the physical and biogeochemical processes in the Benguela Upwelling System (BUS) have been improved by the ROMS model, relative to the IPSL-CM4 simulation. Nevertheless, using coarse-resolution AOGCM daily atmospheric forcing interpolated on ROMS grids resulted in a shifted SST seasonality in the southern BUS, a deterioration of the northern Benguela region and a very shallow mixed layer depth over the whole regional domain. We then investigated the effect of wind downscaling on ROMS solution. Together with a finer resolution of dynamical processes and of bathyrnetric features (continental shelf and Walvis Ridge), wind downscaling allowed correction of the seasonality, the mixed layer depth, and provided a better circulation over the domain and substantial modifications of subsurface biogeochemical properties. It has also changed the structure of the lower trophic levels by shifting large offshore areas from autotrophic to heterotrophic regimes with potential important consequences on ecosystem functioning. The regional downscaling also improved the phytoplankton distribution and the southward extension of low oxygen waters in the Northern Benguela. It allowed simulating low oxygen events in the northern BUS and highlighted a potential up scaling effect related to the nitrogen irrigation from the productive BUS towards the tropical/subtropical South Atlantic basin. This study shows that forcing a downscaled ocean model with higher resolution winds than those issued from an AOGCM, results in improved representation of physical and biogeochemical processes.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Télédétection [126]
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE DU SUD ; BENGUELA
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064656]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064656
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064656

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