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Guigue C., Bigot L., Turquet J., Tedetti Marc, Ferretto N., Goutx M., Cuet P. (2015). Hydrocarbons in a coral reef ecosystem subjected to anthropogenic pressures (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean). Environmental Chemistry, 12 (3), 350-365. ISSN 1448-2517

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Titre
Hydrocarbons in a coral reef ecosystem subjected to anthropogenic pressures (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean)
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000354963800011
AuteursGuigue C., Bigot L., Turquet J., Tedetti Marc, Ferretto N., Goutx M., Cuet P.
SourceEnvironmental Chemistry, 2015, 12 (3), p. 350-365. ISSN 1448-2517
RésuméEnvironmental context Hydrocarbons are among the most widespread and harmful pollutants found in the aquatic media. Although they have been investigated in various temperate coastal environments, their dynamics in coral reef tropical ecosystems, which are under increasing human pressure, remain poorly understood. It was found that hydrocarbons had moderate to high concentrations, multiple origins (biogenic and anthropogenic) and could be used to track inland intrusions in fore reef waters of the eutrophicated La Saline reef ecosystem (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean). Abstract The La Saline fringing reef, which is the most important coral reef complex of La Reunion Island, (south-western Indian Ocean), is subjected to anthropogenic pressures through river and groundwater inputs. Salinity and biogeochemical parameters (silicates, nitrates, dissolved organic carbon, chlorophyll-a), as well as aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analysed in particulate and dissolved material from groundwaters, rivers, harbour, back reef, fore reef and oceanic waters in the La Saline reef area during the rainy season (February-March 2012). Particulate and dissolved AH concentration ranges were 0.07-144 and 0.06-0.58 mu gL(-1) respectively. Particulate and dissolved PAH concentrations ranges were 4.3-326 and 28-350ng L-1 respectively. AHs, dominated by nC(15), nC(17), nC(18) compounds or nC(26), nC(27), nC(29), nC(31) compounds, were mainly of biogenic origin (phytoplankton, bacteria, higher-plant debris) although some anthropogenic (petroleum inputs) signatures were recorded in the dissolved phase from the harbour and fore reef areas. PAHs, dominated by two- to three-ring compounds and their alkylated homologues, reflected unburned petroleum inputs, but probably also biogenic sources. From the distribution of salinity, biogeochemical parameters and hydrocarbons, we found that inland waters flowed mainly in the surface and in the southern part of reef waters and that particulate PAHs allowed tracking these inland water intrusions in fore reef waters. Finally, this pilot study highlights the uncoupling between the dynamics of AHs and PAHs in tropical environments.
Plan de classementPollution [038] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082]
Descr. géo.OCEAN INDIEN ; REUNION
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064234]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064234
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064234

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