Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

 

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Formenti P., Caquineau Sandrine, Chevaillier S., Klaver A., Desboeufs K., Rajot Jean-Louis, Belin S., Briois V. (2014). Dominance of goethite over hematite in iron oxides of mineral dust from Western Africa : quantitative partitioning by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres, 119 (22), 12740-12754. ISSN 2169-897X

Accès réservé (Intranet IRD) Demander le PDF

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/2014jd021668

Titre
Dominance of goethite over hematite in iron oxides of mineral dust from Western Africa : quantitative partitioning by X-ray absorption spectroscopy
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000346345600020
AuteursFormenti P., Caquineau Sandrine, Chevaillier S., Klaver A., Desboeufs K., Rajot Jean-Louis, Belin S., Briois V.
SourceJournal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres, 2014, 119 (22), p. 12740-12754. ISSN 2169-897X
RésuméThis paper reports on the X-ray absorption analysis of samples of mineral dust emitted from or transported to Western Africa. We found that iron oxides account, by mass, for 38% to 72% of the total elemental iron. They are composed of minerals in the Fe(III) oxidation state: goethite (FeO center dot OH) and hematite (Fe2O3). The apparent fraction of iron oxide attributed to goethite is higher than hematite regardless of the source region from which the dust originated. The goethite percent content of iron oxides is in the range 52-78% (by mass), the highest values being measured for dust originating in the Sahel. The limited number of samples analyzed and the sample-to-sample variability prevent us from concluding firmly on the regional variability of the goethite-to-hematite ratio. Based on the experimental data on mineralogical composition and on concurrent measurements of the number size distribution, the optical properties of mineral dust have been calculated in a Mie approximation for homogeneous spherical particles. At 550 nm, the single-scattering albedo omega(0) ranges between 0.89 and 0.93, the asymmetry factor g ranges between 0.76 and 0.8 and the mass extinction efficiency k(ext) varies between 0.5 and 1.1 m(2) g(-1); these values are all in the range of those from independent direct measurements. Neglecting the partitioning between hematite and goethite and the assimilation of iron oxides by hematite, as it is often done with models, lowers the single-scattering albedo and increases the asymmetry factor in the UV-visible spectral region below 550 nm. The mass extinction efficiency is insensitive to the nature of the iron oxides but rather responds to variations in the number size distribution. The mineralogy of iron oxides should therefore be taken into account when assessing the effect of mineral dust on climate and atmospheric chemistry, in particular via interactions involving photolysis.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST ; NIGER ; ZONE SAHELIENNE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010063613]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010063613
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010063613

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Le FDI est labellisé CollEx

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Cayenne

Nouméa

Papeete

Abidjan

Dakar

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito