Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

 

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Higham T., Douka K., Wood R., Ramsey C.B., Brock F., Basell L., Camps M., Arrizabalaga A., Baena J., Barroso-Ruiz C., Bergman C., Boitard C., Boscato P., Caparros M., Conard N.J., Draily C., Froment Alain, et al. (2014). The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance. Nature, 512 (7514), 306–309. ISSN 0028-0836

Accès réservé (Intranet IRD) Demander le PDF

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1038/nature13621

Titre
The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle
AuteursHigham T., Douka K., Wood R., Ramsey C.B., Brock F., Basell L., Camps M., Arrizabalaga A., Baena J., Barroso-Ruiz C., Bergman C., Boitard C., Boscato P., Caparros M., Conard N.J., Draily C., Froment Alain, et al.
SourceNature, 2014, 512 (7514), p. 306–309. p. 306–309 ISSN 0028-0836
RésuméThe timing of Neanderthal disappearance and the extent to which they overlapped with the earliest incoming anatomically modern humans (AMHs) in Eurasia are key questions in palaeoanthropology. Determining the spatiotemporal relationship between the two populations is crucial if we are to understand the processes, timing and reasons leading to the disappearance of Neanderthals and the likelihood of cultural and genetic exchange. Serious technical challenges, however, have hindered reliable dating of the period, as the radiocarbon method reaches its limit at 50,000 years ago. Here we apply improved accelerator mass spectrometry 14C techniques to construct robust chronologies from 40 key Mousterian and Neanderthal archaeological sites, ranging from Russia to Spain. Bayesian age modelling was used to generate probability distribution functions to determine the latest appearance date. We show that the Mousterian ended by 41,030–39,260 calibrated years BP (at 95.4% probability) across Europe. We also demonstrate that succeeding ‘transitional’ archaeological industries, one of which has been linked with Neanderthals (Châtelperronian), end at a similar time. Our data indicate that the disappearance of Neanderthals occurred at different times in different regions. Comparing the data with results obtained from the earliest dated AMH sites in Europe, associated with the Uluzzian technocomplex, allows us to quantify the temporal overlap between the two human groups. The results reveal a significant overlap of 2,600–5,400 years (at 95.4% probability). This has important implications for models seeking to explain the cultural, technological and biological elements involved in the replacement of Neanderthals by AMHs. A mosaic of populations in Europe during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition suggests that there was ample time for the transmission of cultural and symbolic behaviours, as well as possible genetic exchanges, between the two groups.
Plan de classementStratigraphie et paléontologie [064STRATI] ; Archéologie [112ARCHEO]
DescripteursPALEONTOLOGIE ; PALEONTOLOGIE HUMAINE ; ECHANGE ; TRANSFERT DE GENE ; ARCHEOLOGIE ; PALEOLITHIQUE ; SITE ARCHEOLOGIQUE ; CONTACT CULTUREL ; EXTINCTION
Descr. géo.EUROPE ; ASIE ; AFRIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010063585]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010063585
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010063585

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Le FDI est labellisé CollEx

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Cayenne

Nouméa

Papeete

Abidjan

Dakar

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito