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Perez R. C., Hormann V., Lumpkin R., Brandt P., Johns W. E., Hernandez Fabrice, Schmid C., Bourlès Bernard. (2014). Mean meridional currents in the central and eastern equatorial Atlantic. Climate Dynamics, 43 (11), 2943-2962. ISSN 0930-7575

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Titre
Mean meridional currents in the central and eastern equatorial Atlantic
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000344862200005
AuteursPerez R. C., Hormann V., Lumpkin R., Brandt P., Johns W. E., Hernandez Fabrice, Schmid C., Bourlès Bernard.
SourceClimate Dynamics, 2014, 43 (11), p. 2943-2962. ISSN 0930-7575
RésuméShip-based acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) velocity measurements collected by several major field programs in the tropical Atlantic are averaged and combined with estimates of the mean near-surface velocity derived from drifters and Argo float surface drifts (ADCP+D) to describe the mean cross-equatorial and vertical structure of the meridional currents along 23 degrees W and 10 degrees W. Data from moored ADCPs and fixed-depth current meters, a satellite-derived velocity product, and a global ocean reanalysis were additionally used to evaluate the mean ADCP+D meridional velocity. The dominant circulation features in the long-term mean ADCP+D meridional velocity in the upper 100 m are the tropical cells (TCs) located approximately between 5 degrees S and 5 degrees N, with near-surface poleward flow and subsurface equatorward flow that is stronger and shallower in the northern cell compared to the southern cell. The thickness of the surface limb of the TCs decreases and the northern cell is found to shift further south of the equator from the central to eastern tropical Atlantic. Analysis of two-season means estimated from the ship-based ADCP, near-surface drift, and moored velocity data, as well as the simulated fields, indicates that the maximum poleward velocity in the surface limb of the TCs intensifies during December-May along 23 degrees W largely due to seasonal compensation between the geostrophic and ageostrophic (or wind-driven) components of the meridional velocity, whereas the maximum equatorward flow in the subsurface limb of the northern cell intensifies during June-November along both 23 degrees W and 10 degrees W due to the seasonality of the geostrophic meridional velocity.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.ATLANTIQUE EST ; ATLANTIQUE CENTRE ; ZONE TROPICALE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010063511]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010063511
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010063511

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