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Auger Pierre Amaël, Machu Eric, Gorgues T., Grima N., Waeles M. (2014). Comparative study of potential transfer of natural and anthropogenic cadmium to plankton communities in the North-West African upwelling. Science of the Total Environment, 505, 870-888. ISSN 1879-1026

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.10.045

Titre
Comparative study of potential transfer of natural and anthropogenic cadmium to plankton communities in the North-West African upwelling
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle
AuteursAuger Pierre Amaël, Machu Eric, Gorgues T., Grima N., Waeles M.
SourceScience of the Total Environment, 2014, 505, p. 870-888. ISSN 1879-1026
RésuméA Lagrangian approach based on a physical-biogeochemical modeling was used to compare the potential transfer of cadmium (Cd) from natural and anthropogenic sources to plankton communities (Cd-uptake) in the North-West African upwelling. In this region, coastal upwelling was estimated to be the main natural source of Cd while the most significant anthropogenic source for marine ecosystem is provided by phosphate industry. In our model experiment, Cd-uptake (natural or anthropogenic) in the North-West African upwelling is the result of an interplay between the Cd dispersion (by advection processes) and the simulated biological productivity. In the Moroccan waters, advection processes limit the residence time of water masses resulting in a low natural Cd-uptake by plankton communities while anthropogenic Cd-uptake is high. As expected, the situation is reversed in the Senegalo-Mauritanian upwelling where natural Cd-uptake is higher than anthropogenic Cd-uptake. Based upon an estimate of Cd sources, our modeling study shows, unexpectedly, that the anthropogenic signal of potential Cd-bioaccumulation in the Moroccan upwelling is of the same order of magnitude as the natural signal mainly present in the Senegalo-Mauritanian upwelling region. A comparison with observed Cd levels in mollusk and fishes, which shows overall agreement with our simulations, is confirming our estimates.
Plan de classementMilieux physico-chimique [032MILPHY] ; Milieu marin [036MILMAR] ; Pollution littorale [038POLLIT]
DescripteursMETAL LOURD ; MILIEU MARIN ; ZONE COTIERE ; PLANCTON ; ACCUMULATION ; POLLUTION MARINE ; POLLUTION CHIMIQUE ; PHOSPHATE ; MODELISATION ; UPWELLING ; ADVECTION MARINE ; DISPERSION ; VARIATION SAISONNIERE ; BIOACCUMULATION
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE DU NORD ; MAROC ; MAURITANIE ; SENEGAL ; ATLANTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010063272]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010063272
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010063272

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