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Flores-Aqueveque V., Vargas G., Alfaro S., Caquineau Sandrine, Valdes J. (2014). Assessing the origin and variability of eolian lithic material for high-resolution paleoceanographic reconstructions off northern chile (23 degrees S). Journal of Sedimentary Research, 84 (10), 897-909. ISSN 1527-1404

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.2110/jsr.2014.72

Titre
Assessing the origin and variability of eolian lithic material for high-resolution paleoceanographic reconstructions off northern chile (23 degrees S)
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000343873500011
AuteursFlores-Aqueveque V., Vargas G., Alfaro S., Caquineau Sandrine, Valdes J.
SourceJournal of Sedimentary Research, 2014, 84 (10), p. 897-909. ISSN 1527-1404
RésuméLithic particles inrfac marine laminated sediments provide the opportunity to reconstruct ocean-climate processes like wind dynamics from the sedimentary record. In Mejillones Bay (23 degrees S), located on the hyperarid coast of the Atacama Desert, marine laminated sediments record paleoceanographic variations related to coastal upwelling and regional South Pacific climate conditions. In this work we assess the provenance of lithic particles found in these laminated sediments and we analyze the relationship between the variability of lithic transport-sedimentation processes and wind. We compared the sedimentological, morphological, and mineralogical characteristics of desert soil particles with those of surface sediments collected at various locations of the bottom of the bay and particles retrieved from marine sediment cores. We also compared horizontal fluxes of particles eroded at the sue of the hyperarid plain (Pampa Mejillones) and vertical fluxes of lithic material settling through the water column in the marine basin. Results show that particles retrieved in dust traps, mostly quartz and feldspars with some calcite fragments, amphiboles, and clay minerals, are similar to those collected in the marine sediment traps. These are characterized by grain-size modes finer than 125-150 mu m and decreasing from the pampa towards the bottom of the bay. Together with morphological features such as polished surfaces and "V-shaped" impact marks, this supports the hypothesis of an eolian origin of these particles with complex transport histories from Quaternary uplifted coastal plains towards the marine laminated sediments. From in situ measurements and monitoring we observed a close relationship between the variability of wind intensity, horizontal fluxes of lithic particles across the surface of the desert, and vertical fluxes in the marine water column. This supports the idea that not only in Mejillones Bay but also in other places, quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions could be performed from the quantification of the amount of lithic particles with sizes between 50 and 150 mu m contained in laminated sediments.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.CHILI ; PACIFIQUE SUD ; ATACAMA DESERT
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062663]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062663
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062663

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