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Jacobsen D., Cauvy Fraunié S., Andino P., Espinosa R., Cueva D., Dangles Olivier. (2014). Runoff and the longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrates in a glacier-fed stream : implications for the effects of global warming. Freshwater Biology, 59 (10), 2038-2050. ISSN 0046-5070

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/fwb.12405

Titre
Runoff and the longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrates in a glacier-fed stream : implications for the effects of global warming
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000342758300003
AuteursJacobsen D., Cauvy Fraunié S., Andino P., Espinosa R., Cueva D., Dangles Olivier.
SourceFreshwater Biology, 2014, 59 (10), p. 2038-2050. ISSN 0046-5070
RésuméThe downstream pattern in benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages along glacier-fed streams is a result of decreasing glacial influence on environmental conditions. However, meltwater run-off shows temporal variation, reflected in differences in, for example, temperature, conductivity and turbidity. Consequently, depending on their run-off patterns, comparable environmental conditions may occur at different distances along glacier-fed streams. Our aim was to assess whether short-term variations in glacial run-off were reflected by changes in longitudinal distribution patterns of macroinvertebrates along a glacier-fed stream in the Ecuadorian Andes. We measured environmental parameters, obtained continuous gauging data, measured macroinvertebrate drift rate with an hourly resolution during glacial floods and sampled benthic macroinvertebrates c. 3-monthly for 30months at three sites at varying distances (0.1-4.3km) from the glacier. For each sampling date, we fitted logarithmic equations to plots of taxon richness versus distance from the glacier, calculated similarity in assemblage composition between sites and calculated weighted averages of mid-points of taxon distributions. These data were analysed in relation to mean maximum flow over the 45days prior to sampling. Mean conductivity and temperature increased while turbidity decreased downstream. During glacial afternoon floods, conductivity decreased while temperature and turbidity increased. High flow moved maximal taxon richness downstream (reduced the slopes from logarithmic fits), while low flow made assemblages more downstream like (higher similarity with downstream assemblages). No significant relationships were found between weighted average distributions and flow. Drift rate (ind.h(-1)) increased by an order of magnitude at the onset of afternoon floods, and the taxa that contributed most to total drift were those whose benthic densities were most reduced by increases in flow. Our study provides hints as to how biological distribution patterns in glacier-fed streams might be affected by more permanent changes in run-off caused by glacial shrinkage. This study predicts a multidirectional shift in altitudinal/longitudinal species ranges, with a potential downward shift in species ranges as a consequence of global change.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.EQUATEUR ; ANDES
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062608]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062608
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062608

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