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Guédron Stéphane, Duwig Céline, Prado B. L., Point David, Flores M. G., Siebe C. (2014). (Methyl) Mercury, arsenic, and lead contamination of the world's largest wastewater irrigation system : the Mezquital Valley (Hidalgo State-Mexico). Water Air and Soil Pollution, 225 (8), art. 2045 [19 p.] ISSN 0049-6979

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Titre
(Methyl) Mercury, arsenic, and lead contamination of the world's largest wastewater irrigation system : the Mezquital Valley (Hidalgo State-Mexico)
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000340527400014
AuteursGuédron Stéphane, Duwig Céline, Prado B. L., Point David, Flores M. G., Siebe C.
SourceWater Air and Soil Pollution, 2014, 225 (8), art. 2045 [19 p.] ISSN 0049-6979
RésuméIn the Mezquital valley, untreated wastewater (45 m(3) s(-1)) from Mexico City is used for the irrigation of around 900 km(2) of agricultural soil. High concentrations of metals including methylmercury (3.8+/-2.5 ng l(-1)) and lead (0.16+/-0.05 mg l(-1)) were measured in anoxic wastewater canals. Downstream, dissolved, and particulate polymetallic (Hg, Pb, Cr.) concentrations decreased by factors 10 to 1,000 in the Tula River (which received a mix of fresh and wastewater) due to the dilution and oxidation of surface water, and to the decrease of contaminants concentration in wastewater downstream irrigated soils. However, dissolved and particulate methylmercury concentrations (0.06 to 0.33 ng l(-1) and 1.6 to 4.5 g kg(-1), respectively) remained elevated in comparison to other natural hydrosystems. The monitoring of an irrigation event and the distribution of metals in a soil profile irrigated for more than 80 years showed that metals were retained in the draining tilled layer. The oxic conditions and slightly acidic pH (similar to 6.5) in this layer were found favorable for metal adsorption and co-precipitation with redox-sensitive elements (Fe, Mn) and suggestively for mercury demethylation. In the downstream Tula River and groundwater, almost all metallic concentrations remained below guideline thresholds. Only, dissolved As and Pb concentrations remained two to five times above thresholds for drinking water, highlighting a potential health risk for approximately 500,000 people who use groundwater as water supply.
Plan de classementPollution [038] ; Sciences du monde végétal [076] ; Hydrologie [062]
Descr. géo.MEXIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062474]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062474
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062474

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