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Guillemot Nicolas, Chabanet Pascale, Kulbicki Michel, Vigliola Laurent, Léopold Marc, Jollit I., Le Pape O. (2014). Effects of fishing on fish assemblages in a coral reef ecosystem : from functional response to potential indicators. Ecological Indicators, 43, 227-235. ISSN 1470-160X

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.02.015

Titre
Effects of fishing on fish assemblages in a coral reef ecosystem : from functional response to potential indicators
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000336952300022
AuteursGuillemot Nicolas, Chabanet Pascale, Kulbicki Michel, Vigliola Laurent, Léopold Marc, Jollit I., Le Pape O.
SourceEcological Indicators, 2014, 43, p. 227-235. ISSN 1470-160X
RésuméMany Pacific countries face socio-economic changes, resulting in an increase in fishing pressure on reef fish resources. In coral reef environments, examining the ecological effects of fishing on fish assemblages is generally hampered by the lack of data for both in situ assemblages and fishing activities, and by the difficulty to account for natural variations in assemblages. The responses of fish assemblages to moderate fishing pressure were investigated in two sites of New Caledonia (South Pacific). Habitat structures and fish assemblages were described through in situ multiyear underwater visual surveys to account for spatial and temporal variability. A recent quantification of fishing catches and efforts allowed defining spatial gradients of fishing pressure. Linear models were used to test fishing effects on species richness, density, biomass, length and trophic structure of the whole assemblage, large species, target species, and different ecotrophic guilds. A significant decrease in most metrics was detected when fishing pressure increased. The results obtained for all-species fish metrics were confirmed for target species, large species, carnivores and corallivores trophic guilds and large individuals. This functional modelling approach accounted for the natural variability of local coral reef systems and allowed detecting effects of fishing, although fishing pressure was low to moderate in the surveyed sites. Our results suggest that further modelling development, including control sites, would allow precautionary indicators and strategies to be defined for the monitoring and management of reef fish resources.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
Descr. géo.NOUVELLE CALEDONIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062255]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062255
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062255

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