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Garavelli L., Kaplan David, Colas François, Stotz W., Yannicelli B., Lett Christophe. (2014). Identifying appropriate spatial scales for marine conservation and management using a larval dispersal model : the case of Concholepas concholepas (loco) in Chile. Progress in Oceanography, 124, 42-53. ISSN 0079-6611

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.03.011

Titre
Identifying appropriate spatial scales for marine conservation and management using a larval dispersal model : the case of Concholepas concholepas (loco) in Chile
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000336876100004
AuteursGaravelli L., Kaplan David, Colas François, Stotz W., Yannicelli B., Lett Christophe.
SourceProgress in Oceanography, 2014, 124, p. 42-53. ISSN 0079-6611
RésuméAlong the coast of Chile, fisheries targeting the marine gastropod Concholepas concholepas, commonly named "loco", were highly valuable until the end of the 80s when catches declined significantly. Since the late 90s, a management plan based on territorial-user-rights areas has been implemented, with limited effect on stock recovery. More effective loco conservation and management is impeded by lack of information regarding connectivity via larval dispersal between these individually-managed areas. To develop a regional view of loco connectivity, we integrate loco life history information into a biophysical, individual-based larval dispersal model. This model is used to evaluate scales of loco connectivity and seasonality in connectivity patterns, as well as to partition the coast into largely disconnected subpopulations using a recently developed connectivity-matrix clustering algorithm. We find mean dispersal distances ranging from 170 to 220 km depending on release depth of larvae and planktonic larval duration. Settlement success levels depend quantitatively on the physical and biological processes included in the model, but connectivity patterns remain qualitatively similar. Model estimates of settlement success peak for larval release dates in late austral autumn, consistent with field results and with favorable conditions for larval coastal retention due to weak upwelling during austral autumn. Despite the relatively homogeneous Chilean coastline, distinct subpopulations with minimal connectivity between them are readily identifiable. Barriers to connectivity that are robust to changes in model configuration exist at 23 degrees S and 29 degrees S latitudes. These zones are all associated with important headlands and embayments of the Chilean coast.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.CHILI
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062248]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062248
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062248

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