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Lohmann K., Jungclaus J. H., Matei D., Mignot Juliette, Menary M., Langehaug H. R., Ba J., Gao Y., Ottera O. H., Park W., Lorenz S. (2014). The role of subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows in simulated multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Ocean Science, 10 (2), 227-241. ISSN 1812-0784

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Titre
The role of subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows in simulated multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000335376700006
AuteursLohmann K., Jungclaus J. H., Matei D., Mignot Juliette, Menary M., Langehaug H. R., Ba J., Gao Y., Ottera O. H., Park W., Lorenz S.
SourceOcean Science, 2014, 10 (2), p. 227-241. ISSN 1812-0784
RésuméWe investigate the respective role of variations in subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows for the decadal to multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). This is partly done by analysing long (order of 1000 years) control simulations with five coupled climate models. For all models, the maximum influence of variations in subpolar deep water formation is found at about 45 degrees N, while the maximum influence of variations in Nordic Seas overflows is rather found at 55 to 60 degrees N. Regarding the two overflow branches, the influence of variations in the Denmark Strait overflow is, for all models, substantially larger than that of variations in the overflow across the Iceland-Scotland Ridge. The latter might, however, be underestimated, as the models in general do not realistically simulate the flow path of the Iceland-Scotland overflow water south of the Iceland-Scotland Ridge. The influence of variations in subpolar deep water formation is, on multimodel average, larger than that of variations in the Denmark Strait overflow. This is true both at 45 degrees N, where the maximum standard deviation of decadal to multidecadal AMOC variability is located for all but one model, and at the more classical latitude of 30 degrees N. At 30 degrees N, variations in subpolar deep water formation and Denmark Strait overflow explain, on multimodel average, about half and one-third respectively of the decadal to multidecadal AMOC variance. Apart from analysing multimodel control simulations, we have performed sensitivity experiments with one of the models, in which we suppress the variability of either subpolar deep water formation or Nordic Seas overflows. The sensitivity experiments indicate that variations in subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows are not completely independent. We further conclude from these experiments that the decadal to multidecadal AMOC variability north of about 50 degrees N is mainly related to variations in Nordic Seas overflows. At 45 degrees N and south of this latitude, variations in both subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows contribute to the AMOC variability, with neither of the processes being very dominant compared to the other.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.ATLANTIQUE NORD ; MER DU NORD
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010061994]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010061994
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010061994

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