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Mattio L., Zubia M., Loveday B., Crochelet E., Duong Nathalie, Payri Claude, Bhagooli R., Bolton J. J. (2013). Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Mauritius and Reunion, western Indian Ocean : taxonomic revision and biogeography using hydrodynamic dispersal models. Phycologia, 52 (6), 578-594. ISSN 0031-8884

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Titre
Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Mauritius and Reunion, western Indian Ocean : taxonomic revision and biogeography using hydrodynamic dispersal models
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000333097500013
AuteursMattio L., Zubia M., Loveday B., Crochelet E., Duong Nathalie, Payri Claude, Bhagooli R., Bolton J. J.
SourcePhycologia, 2013, 52 (6), p. 578-594. ISSN 0031-8884
RésuméMauritius and Reunion are part of the Mascarene Islands situated in the southwestern Indian Ocean, c. 800 km east of Madagascar. A total of 44 different Sargassum species and subspecific taxa was listed in the literature for these islands. This was a remarkable number for such isolated and small islands, and was more than have been recorded from Madagascar or other East African countries. The first aim of our study was to revise these species lists using newly collected specimens to provide a reliable and illustrated tool for the identification of the Mauritian and Reunion Sargassum. On the basis of morphological and molecular analyses, a total of six taxa was identified as S. cymosum f. borbonicum, S. obovatum, S. pfeifferae (reinstated), S. polycystum, S. portierianum and S. robillardii (stat. nov.). A seventh taxon, S. scopula, was identified from a herbarium collection but not re-collected. As a result of our taxonomic revision, we concluded that most of the species listed in the literature for both Mauritius and Reunion were misidentifications or synonyms, and we proposed three new taxonomic synonyms. The biogeography of the six Sargassum taxa was further investigated using local and regional hydrodynamic dispersal models. Results underlined the isolated position of the Mascarene Islands with (1) unlikely import of Sargassum in present-day conditions, (2) likely dispersal/exchanges within the archipelago and (3) a two-pronged export of Sargassum to the east coast of Madagascar and the Seychelles with a major stream northwestward and a weaker stream southwestward. These oceanic conditions had probably shaped the Sargassum diversity of the Mascarene Islands and in particular explained the endemicity of S. cymosum f. borbonicum and restricted distribution of S. obovatum, S. pfeifferae, S. robillardii and S. scopula.
Plan de classementLimnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.MAURICE ; REUNION ; OCEAN INDIEN
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010061920]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010061920
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010061920

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